Kyung Uk Hong

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Stem cells with potential to contribute to the re-establishment of the normal bronchiolar epithelium have not been definitively demonstrated. We previously established that neuroepithelial bodies (NEBs) sequester regenerative cells that contribute to bronchiolar regeneration after selective chemical depletion of Clara cells, a major progenitor cell(More)
The neuroepithelial body (NEB) is a highly dynamic structure that responds to chronic airway injury through hyperplasia of associated pulmonary neuroendocrine (PNE) cells. Although NEB dysplasia is correlated with preneoplastic conditions and PNE cells are thought to serve as a precursor for development of small cell lung carcinoma, mechanisms regulating(More)
The composition of the conducting airway epithelium varies significantly along the proximal to distal axis, with that of the tracheal epithelium exhibiting the greatest complexity. A number of progenitor cells have been proposed to contribute to the maintenance of this cellular diversity both in the steady state and in response to injury. However,(More)
Commitment of the pulmonary epithelium to bronchial and bronchiolar airway lineages occurs during the transition from pseudoglandular to cannalicular phases of lung development, suggesting that regional differences exist with respect to the identity of stem and progenitor cells that contribute to epithelial maintenance in adulthood. We previously defined a(More)
Although transplantation of c-kit+ cardiac stem cells (CSCs) alleviates post-myocardial infarction left ventricular dysfunction, there are no reliable methods that enable measurement of the absolute number of CSCs that persist in the recipient heart. To overcome this limitation, we developed a highly sensitive and accurate method to quantify the absolute(More)
Although transplantation of c-kit+ cardiac stem cells (CSCs) has been shown to alleviate left ventricular (LV) dysfunction induced by myocardial infarction (MI), the number of exogenous CSCs remaining in the recipient heart following transplantation and their mechanism of action remain unclear. We have previously developed a highly sensitive and accurate(More)
Derangements in metabolism and related signaling pathways characterize the failing heart. One such signal, O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc), is an essential post-translational modification regulated by two enzymes, O-GlcNAc transferase and O-GlcNAcase (OGA), which modulate the function of many nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. We recently reported(More)
A recent phase I clinical trial (SCIPIO) has shown that autologous c-kit+ cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) improve cardiac function and quality of life when transplanted into patients with ischemic heart disease. Although c-kit is widely used as a marker of resident CPCs, its role in the regulation of the cellular characteristics of CPCs remains unknown. We(More)
BACKGROUND There is mounting interest in using c-kit positive human cardiac stem cells (c-kit(pos) hCSCs) to repair infarcted myocardium in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. A recent phase I clinical trial (SCIPIO) has shown that intracoronary infusion of 1 million hCSCs is safe. Higher doses of CSCs may provide superior reparative ability; however, it(More)
The regenerative potential of c-kit(+) cardiac stem cells (CSCs) is severely limited by the poor survival of cells after transplantation in the infarcted heart. We have previously demonstrated that preconditioning human CSCs (hCSCs) with the heme oxygenase-1 inducer, cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP), has significant cytoprotective effects in vitro. Here, we(More)