Kyung-Sup Kim

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Insulin signaling in the hypothalamus plays a role in maintaining body weight. Studies suggest that the forkhead transcription factor Foxo1 is an important mediator of insulin signaling in peripheral tissues. Here we demonstrate that in normal mice, hypothalamic Foxo1 expression is reduced by the anorexigenic hormones insulin and leptin. These hormones'(More)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a member of the subtilases that promotes the internalization and degradation of LDL receptor in liver and thereby controls the level of LDL cholesterol in plasma. Here, we show that the expression of PCSK9 in HepG2 cells is completely dependent on the absence or presence of sterols. The minimal(More)
Since the use of magnetic nanocrystals as probes for biomedical system is attractive, it is important to develop optimal synthetic protocols for high-quality magnetic nanocrystals and to have the systematic understanding of their nanoscale properties. Here we present the development of a synthetically controlled magnetic nanocrystal model system that(More)
Liver glucokinase (LGK) plays an essential role in controlling blood glucose levels and maintaining cellular metabolic functions. Expression of LGK is induced mainly regulated by insulin through sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) as a mediator. Since LGK expression is known to be decreased in the liver of liver X receptor (LXR) knockout(More)
Lipin1 expression was induced at a late stage of differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and maintained at high levels in mature adipocytes. Knockdown of expression of lipin1 by small interfering RNA in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes almost completely inhibited differentiation into adipocytes, whereas overexpression of lipin1 accelerated adipocyte differentiation,(More)
Adiponectin is one of the adipokines secreted by adipocytes and regulates energy homeostasis associated with insulin sensitivity, suggesting a possibility of nutritional regulation of adiponectin gene expression. In this study, we showed that the transcription of adiponectin gene was induced 4-6 h after refeeding of mice. Also, differentiated 3T3-L1(More)
Glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) is a key enzyme that is responsible for the production of glucose in the liver during fasting or in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). During fasting or in T2DM, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is activated, which may contribute to increased hepatic glucose output. However, the mechanism by which PPARα(More)
Expression of the HER2 oncogene is increased in approximately 30% of human breast carcinomas and is closely correlated with the expression of fatty acid synthase (FASN). In the present study, we determined the mechanism by which FASN and acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha (ACCalpha) could be induced by HER2 overexpression. SK-BR-3 and BT-474 cells, breast cancer(More)
The unique properties of magnetic nanocrystals provide them with high potential as key probes and vectors in the next generation of biomedical applications. Although superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocrystals have been extensively studied as excellent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) probes for various cell trafficking, gene expression, and cancer diagnosis,(More)