Kyung Soo Ko

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The cytotoxicity of infectious agents can be mediated by disruption of calcium signaling in target cells. Outer membrane proteins of the spirochete Treponema denticola, a periodontal pathogen, inhibit agonist-induced Ca(2+) release from internal stores in gingival fibroblasts, but the mechanism is not defined. We determined here that the major surface(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Irisin, a newly identified hormone, is associated with energy homeostasis. We investigated whether aged garlic extract (AGE) and exercise training intervention could improve body weight, insulin sensitivity, skeletal muscle fibronectin domain containing protein 5 (FNDC-5) levels, and plasma irisin in high-fat diet (HFD). (More)
Purpose. Chitosan, a natural cationic polysaccharide, is a candidate non-viral vector for gene delivery because of its high positive charges and low cytotoxicity. In this study, low molecular weight chitosan (LMWC, molecular weight of 22 kDa) was characterized and evaluated as a gene carrier. Methods. Plasmid/LMWC complex was analyzed in 1% agarose gel(More)
AIMS Preservation of mitochondrial function is essential to limit myocardial damage in ischaemic heart disease. We examined the protective effects and mechanism of a new compound, NecroX-5, on rat heart mitochondria in a hypoxia/reoxygenation (HR) model. METHODS AND RESULTS NecroX-5 reduced mitochondrial oxidative stress, prevented the collapse in(More)
BACKGROUND Microalbuminuria is associated with increased risk of renal disease and cardiovascular diseases even in non-diabetic subjects. High incidence rates of microalbuminuria have been found in a number of population-based studies. However, the prevalence and risk factors associated with microalbuminuria in the general population in Korea are unclear.(More)
Yoga has been known to have stimulatory or inhibitory effects on the metabolic parameters and to be uncomplicated therapy for obesity. The purpose of the present study was to test the effect of an 8-week of yoga-asana training on body composition, lipid profile, and insulin resistance (IR) in obese adolescent boys. Twenty volunteers with body mass index(More)
AIM We examined the prevalence and factors associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a Korean adult population. METHODS Fundus examination data from 10,345 people in the fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2009 were examined. For each participant, one 45° nonmydriatic digital retinal image, centered on the fovea,(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are maintained by their somatic stem cells and are responsible for tumor initiation, chemoresistance, and metastasis. Evidence for the CSCs existence has been reported for a number of human cancers. The CSC mitochondria have been shown recently to be an important target for cancer treatment, but clinical significance of CSCs and(More)
In mechanically active environments mammalian cells must cope with potentially injurious forces to survive, but the most proximal mechanosensors are largely unknown. How mechanoprotective responses to applied forces are generated and regulated is still a mystery. We consider recent evidence that suggests cellular mechanoprotective adaptations involve a(More)
Cells in mechanically active environments form extensive, cadherin-mediated intercellular junctions that are important in tissue remodeling and differentiation. Currently, it is unknown whether adherens junctions in connective tissue fibroblasts transmit mechanical signals and coordinate multicellular adaptations to physical forces. We hypothesized that(More)