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Progression through mitosis is associated with reversible phosphorylation of many nuclear proteins including that of the high-mobility group N (HMGN) nucleosomal binding protein family. Here we use immunofluorescence and in vitro nuclear import studies to demonstrate that mitotic phosphorylation of the nucleosomal binding domain (NBD) of the HMGN1 protein(More)
Alpha2-antiplasmin (alpha2AP) is the primary inhibitor of plasmin, a proteinase that digests fibrin, the main component of blood clots. Two forms of alpha2AP circulate in human plasma: a 464-residue protein with methionine as the amino-terminus (Met-alpha2AP) and an N-terminally-shortened 452-residue form with asparagine as the amino-terminus(More)
Dysregulation of polycystin-1 (PC1) leads to autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), a disorder characterized by the formation of multiple bilateral renal cysts, the progressive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM), and the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Correspondingly, cystic epithelia express higher levels of integrins(More)
Human alpha2-antiplasmin (alpha2AP), also known as alpha2-plasmin inhibitor, is the major inhibitor of the proteolytic enzyme plasmin that digests fibrin. There are 2 N-terminal forms of alpha2AP that circulate in human plasma: a 464-residue protein with Met as the N-terminus, Met-alpha2AP, and a 452-residue version with Asn as the N-terminus, Asn-alpha2AP.(More)
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains a leading cause of new-onset end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and yet, at present, the treatment is still very limited. A better understanding of the pathogenesis of DKD is therefore necessary to develop more effective therapies. Increasing evidence suggests that glomerular endothelial cell (GEC) injury plays a major(More)
The circulating enzyme, alpha2-antiplasmin cleaving enzyme (APCE), has very similar sequence homology and proteolytic specificity as fibroblast activation protein (FAP), a membrane-bound proteinase. FAP is expressed on activated fibroblasts associated with rapid tissue growth as in embryogenesis, wound healing, and epithelial-derived malignancies, but not(More)
Identification of new biomarkers and drug targets for chronic kidney disease (CKD) is required for the development of more effective therapy. Here we report an association between expression of reticulon 1 (RTN1) and severity of CKD. An isoform-specific increase in the expression of RTN1A is detected in the diseased kidneys from mice and humans, and(More)
Circulating antiplasmin-cleaving enzyme (APCE) has a role in fibrinolysis and appears structurally similar to fibroblast activation protein (FAP), a cell-surface proteinase that promotes invasiveness of certain epithelial cancers. To explore this potential relationship, we performed comparative structure/function analyses of the 2 enzymes. APCE from human(More)
Fibroblast activation protein (FAP), a membrane prolyl-specific proteinase with both dipeptidase and endopeptidase activities, is overexpressed by reactive stromal fibroblasts during epithelial-derived cancer growth. FAP digests extracellular matrix as tissue is remodeled during cancer expansion and may also promote an immunotolerant tumor microenvironment.(More)
BACKGROUND Human alpha(2)-antiplasmin (alpha(2)AP), the primary inhibitor of fibrinolysis, is secreted from the liver into plasma as a 464-residue protein with Met as the N-terminus. An R6W polymorphism has been suggested to affect fibrinolytic rate. Within circulating blood, antiplasmin-cleaving enzyme (APCE) cleaves Met-alpha(2)AP(R6) faster than(More)