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Actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative granulomatous infectious disease caused by actinomyces species that is characterized by formation of characteristic clumps called as sulfur granules. Abdominal actinomycosis is a rare disease and is often difficult to diagnose before operation. Abdominal actinomycosis infiltrating into the abdominal wall and adhering(More)
The understanding and controlling of biomimetic hybrid materials are a key objective in bio-nanotechnology, materials chemistry, and colloid science fields. Biomaterials, such as, enzyme, DNA, RNA, and proteins have become important templates for the construction of inorganic-organic hybrid nanoflowers. From this perspective, we present a simple approach to(More)
Superior green algal cells showing high lipid production and rapid growth rate are considered as an alternative for the next generation green energy resources. To achieve the biomass based energy generation, transformed microalgae with superlative properties should be developed through genetic engineering. Contrary to the normal cells, microalgae have rigid(More)
Poly(arginine) mimics bearing long hydrophobic side chains adopt stable helical conformation and exhibit helix-related cell-penetrating properties. Elongating polypeptide backbone length and increasing side chain hydrophobicity further increase the helicities of poly(arginine) mimics. They show superior cell membrane permeability up to two orders of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate systemic and ocular hemodynamic risk factors for glaucomatous damage in eyes with normal tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS Each patient with diagnosed NTG underwent 24-hour monitoring of intraocular pressure (IOP) and blood pressure (BP), scanning laser polarimetry (GDx-VCC), and a Humphrey visual field (HVF) examination. Multivariate(More)
Poly(γ-4-((2-(piperidin-1-yl)ethyl)aminomethyl)benzyl-l-glutamate) (PPABLG), a cationic helical polypeptide, has been recently developed by us as an effective non-viral gene delivery vector. In attempts to elucidate the effect of molecular architecture on the gene delivery efficiencies and thereby identify a potential addition to PPABLG with improved(More)
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are routinely used for intracellular delivery of a variety of cargo, including drugs, genes, and short interfering RNA (siRNA). Most CPPs are active only upon exposure to acidic environments inside of late endosomes, thereby facilitating the endosomal escape of internalized vectors. Here, we describe the generation of a(More)
Intervention of the inflammation cascade with tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) monoclonal antibodies or receptors represents a major approach in clinical immunotherapy against inflammatory diseases, which however, often suffers from high cost, autoimmunity to antibodies, and various side effects. [1] siRNA-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) has recently(More)
Supramolecular self-assembled nanocomplexes (SSANs) capable of mannose receptor-mediated endocytosis and permeable to cellular and endosomal membranes are developed via the assembly of multiple rationally designed, function-specific materials. As a unique non-viral gene delivery vector, SSANs outperform commercial transfection reagents, including LPF2000,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Pegylated interferon (peginterferon) and ribavirin combination therapy is less effective and associated with a higher frequency of serious complications in chronic hepatitis C patients with cirrhosis than in noncirrhotic patients. This study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of peginterferon and ribavirin treatment in patients with(More)