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Conflicting results have been reported on the association between BsmI restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) at the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) locus and the clinical response of psoriasis patients to calcitriol or calcipotriol therapy. We evaluated RFLPs of the VDR gene by analyzing the restriction pattern of polymerase chain reaction products(More)
Transglutaminase (TGase) 2 is a ubiquitously expressed enzyme that modifies proteins by cross-linking or polyamination. An aberrant activity of TGase 2 has implicated its possible roles in a variety of diseases including age-related cataracts. However, the molecular mechanism by which TGase 2 is activated has not been elucidated. In this report, we showed(More)
Transglutaminase 2 (TGase 2) is one of a family of enzymes that catalyze protein modification through the incorporation of polyamines into substrates or the formation of protein crosslinks. However, the physiological roles of TGase 2 are largely unknown. To elucidate the functions of TGase 2, we have searched for its interacting proteins. Here we show that(More)
Transglutaminase 2 (TGase 2) is a bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes calcium-dependent transamidation and GTP binding/hydrolysis. The transamidation activity is proposed to be associated with several neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Hungtinton's disease. However, the regulation mechanism by which TGase 2 causes neurodegeneration is(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) with a modified Chiba-needle puncture technique with the use of a single gastropexy in the same puncture tract. METHODS In 80 patients with dysphagia, the stomach was punctured with a 21-gauge Chiba-needle, which was exchanged for a 6-Fr Neff(More)
Muscarinic receptors play key roles in the control of gastrointestinal smooth muscle activity. However, specific physiological functions of each subtype remain to be determined. In this study, the nonselective cation channel activated by carbachol (I(CCh)) was examined in circular smooth muscle cells of the guinea pig gastric antrum using patch-clamp(More)
Human papillomavirus E7 (HPV E7) is a viral oncoprotein that plays an important role in cervical carcinogenesis through binding with retinoblastoma protein (Rb). Inactivation of Rb by E7 is necessary but not sufficient for cellular transformation, suggesting other protein-protein interactions are required for E7-mediated cellular transformation aside from(More)
Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been implicated in cell adhesion, motility, and tumor progression in gliomas. We previously reported that HA stimulates secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and induces glioma invasion. However, the molecular mechanism of HA action and therapeutic strategies for blocking HA-induced MMP-9 secretion remain unknown. Here, we(More)
Exposure factors based on the Korean population are required for making appropriate risk assessment. It is expected that handbooks for exposure factors will be applied in many fields, as well as by health department risk assessors. The present article describes the development of an exposure factors handbook that specifically focuses on human activities in(More)