Learn More
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) have mitogenic and antiapoptotic properties and have been implicated in the development of lung cancer. The effects of IGFs are modulated by insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs). This study explored the effects of IGFBP-3 on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells after infection with an adenovirus(More)
BACKGROUND Galectin-3 is known to regulate cancer metastasis. However, the underlying mechanism has not been defined. Through the DNA microarray studies after galectin-3 silencing, we demonstrated here that galectin-3 plays a key role in up-regulating the expressions of protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) PAR-1(More)
The synthetic retinoid N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4HPR) induces apoptosis in a variety of human cancer cells including breast carcinoma and this property may be important for its chemopreventive and therapeutic effects. Resistance to 4HPR has been described, however, the molecular mechanisms underlying sensitivity or resistance to this retinoid are not(More)
Dysregulation of Wnt signaling has been implicated in tumorigenesis. The role of Transducin β-like proteins TBL1-TBLR1 in the promotion of Wnt/β-catenin-mediated oncogenesis has recently been emphasized; however, the molecular basis of activation of Wnt signaling by the corepressor TBL1-TBLR1 is incompletely understood. Here, we show that both TBL1 and(More)
The farnesyltransferase inhibitor SCH66336 exhibits antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo; however, its mechanism of action is still unresolved. We found that SCH66336 suppressed growth and induced apoptosis of human head and neck squamous carcinoma cells (HNSCC). SCH66336 suppressed protein kinase B/Akt activity as well as the phosphorylation of the Akt(More)
Although mounting evidence indicates the involvement of galectin-3 in cancer progression and metastasis, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect and possible mechanism of galectin-3 on the migration and invasion of B16F10, a metastatic melanoma cell line, in which galectin-3 and matrix(More)
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic disease because usually, it is lately sensed, easily acquires chemoresistance, and has a high recurrence rate. Recent studies suggest that ovarian cancer stem cells (CSCs) are involved in these malignancies. Here, we demonstrated that galectin-3 maintains ovarian CSCs by activating the Notch1 intracellular(More)
We present an update on mutations and polymorphisms in the human X chromosome located pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 alpha gene. A total of 20 different mutations are tabulated. The mutations include deletions, insertions, and point mutations. Certain sequences seem particularly prone to mutation. Most of the mutations are found in exons 10 and 11. Furthermore,(More)
BACKGROUND Because lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death, new approaches for preventing and controlling the disease are needed. Chemoprevention approaches are both feasible and effective. We evaluated the potential of deguelin, a natural plant product, as a lung cancer chemopreventive agent and investigated its mechanism of action. (More)
C-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CCR7) plays an important role in chemotactic and metastatic responses in various cancers, including breast cancer. In the present study, the authors demonstrated that microRNA (miRNA) let-7a downregulates CCR7 expression and directly influences the migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. The expression of CCR7, its(More)