Kyung-Eun Moon

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The use of biocovers is a promising strategy toward mitigating CH(4) emission from smaller and/or older landfills. In this study, a filter bed material consisting of a mixture of earthworm cast and rice paddy soil in a biocover was evaluated. Although the CH(4) oxidation rate of the enriched paddy soil was 4.9 microg g-dry soil(-1) h(-1), it was enhanced to(More)
Methanotrophs must become established and active in a landfill biocover for successful methane oxidation. A lab-scale biocover with a soil mixture was operated for removal of methane and nonmethane volatile organic compounds, such as dimethyl sulfide (DMS), benzene (B), and toluene (T). The methane elimination capacity was 211 ± 40 g m−2 d−1 at inlet loads(More)
A methane-oxidizing bacterium was isolated from the enriched culture of a landfill cover soil. The closest relative of the isolate, designated M6, is Methylocystis sp. Based on a kinetic analysis, the maximum specific methane oxidation rate and saturation constant were 4.93 mmol·g--dry cell weight--1·h⁻¹ and 23 microM, respectively. This was the first time(More)
The depth profiles of the CH4 oxidation potentials and the methanotrophic community were characterized in a lab-scale soil mixture biocover. The soil mixture samples were collected from the top (0-10cm), middle (10-40cm), and bottom (40-50cm) layers of the biocover where most of methane was oxidized at the top layer due to consumption of O2. Batch tests(More)
Kinetic and enzymatic inhibition experiments were performed to investigate the effects of methanethiol (MT) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on methane oxidation by a methane-oxidizing consortium. In the coexistence of MT and H2S, the oxidation of methane was delayed until MT and H2S were completely degraded. MT and H2S could be degraded, both with and without(More)
Three identical lab-scale biocovers were packed with an engineered soil (BC 1), tobermolite only (BC 2), and a mixture of the soil and tobermolite (BC 3), and were operated at an inlet load of 338–400 g-CH4 m−2 d−1 and a space velocity of 0.12 h−1. The methane removal capacity was 293 ± 47 g-CH4 m−2 d−1 in steady state in the BC 3, which was significantly(More)
Methylotrophs within biological activated carbon (BAC) systems have not received attention although they are a valuable biological resource for degradation of organic pollutants. In this study, methylotrophic populations were monitored for four consecutive seasons in BAC of an actual drinking water plant, using ribosomal tag pyrosequencing. Methylotrophs(More)
The long-term performance of lab-scale biocovers for the simulation of engineered landfill cover soils was evaluated. Methane (CH4), trimethylamine (TMA), and dimethyl sulfide (DMS) were introduced into the biocovers as landfill gases for 134 days and the removal performance was evaluated. The biocover systems were capable of simultaneously removing(More)
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