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Acori graminei Rhizoma (AGR) is shown to exhibit a number of pharmacological actions including sedation and anticonvulsive action. To further characterize its actions in the CNS, the present study evaluated the effects of essential oils (EO) from AGR on the excitotoxic neuronal cell death induced in primary rat cortical cell cultures. EO inhibited the(More)
Acori graminei rhizoma (AGR) are reported to exhibit a number of pharmacological actions in the central nervous system. The effects of the methanol extract of AGR on excitotoxic neuronal death were evaluated in the present study using cultured rat cortical neurons. Based on the phase-contrast microscopic examinations of cultures and lactate dehydrogenase(More)
This study aimed to describe the diversity of antifungal lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in popular traditional Korean fermented food. A total of 22 LAB strains was selected and subjected to a monophasic identical approach using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Antifungal LAB associated with fermented food was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum (9),(More)
BACKGROUND Ganghwaljetongyeum (GHJTY), a complex herbal decoction, is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. However, the action mechanism of GHJTY is not still unclear on rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we examined the beneficial effects and the action mechanisms of GHJTY on synoviocyte proliferation and inflammatory mediators. METHODS To test the(More)
BACK GROUND Intramuscular fat deposition in the meat animal is relatively new strategy for developing the meat quality. Fat deposition is largely depending on the adipocyte proliferation and differentiation. Therefore, we investigated the effect of chloroform extract of L. multiflorum [CELM] on cell proliferation, lipid accumulation and adipocyte(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the antitumor effects of the synthetic Mannich base 1,3-bis-((3-hydroxynaphthalen-2-yl)phenylmethyl)urea (1,3-BPMU) against HEP-G2 hepatoma cells and diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced hepatocarcinoma (HCC) in albino rats. In vitro analysis results revealed that 1,3-BPMU showed significant cytotoxicity and cell(More)
In the present study, Lactobacillus pentosus, L. plantarum, L. fermentum, L. brevis, L. paraplantarum, L. buchneri, and L. acidipiscis, which are strains capable of producing antifungal metabolites against food-spoilage fungi, were isolated and identified based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing from different traditional pickles. L. brevis P68 exhibited(More)
BACKGROUND Although cisplatin is extensively used in the clinical field, its intrinsic toxicity limits its clinical use. We investigated nanoparticle formations of poly(acrylic acid-co-methyl methacrylate) (PAA-MMA) incorporating cisplatin and their antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. METHODS Cisplatin-incorporated nanoparticles were prepared through(More)
Vaccinium angustifolium, commonly known as the lowbush blueberry, is a rich source of flavonoids, with which various human physiological activities have been associated. The present study focuses on the investigation of the effect of the methanolic extract of V. angustifolium root extract (VAE) on high affinity immunoglobulin E receptor (FcɛRI) α chain(More)
Recently, α-RuCl3 has attracted much attention as a possible material to realize the honeycomb Kitaev model of a quantum-spin-liquid state. Although the magnetic properties of α-RuCl3 have been extensively studied, its electronic structure, which is strongly related to its Kitaev physics, is poorly understood. Here, the electronic structure of α-RuCl3 was(More)