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Organelle acidification is an essential element of the endosomal-lysosomal pathway, but our understanding of the mechanisms underlying progression through this pathway has been hindered by the absence of adequate methods for quantifying intraorganelle pH. To address this problem in neurons, we developed a direct quantitative method for accurately(More)
The motor protein kinesin is implicated in organelle movement toward the plus ends of microtubules, but little is known about its interaction with organelle membranes or about the physiological role of the phosphorylation of kinesin and its associated protein kinectin seen in neurons in vivo (Hollenbeck, P. J. (1993) J. Neurochem. 60, 2265-2275). Here we(More)
BACKGROUND Ganghwaljetongyeum (GHJTY), a complex herbal decoction, is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. However, the action mechanism of GHJTY is not still unclear on rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we examined the beneficial effects and the action mechanisms of GHJTY on synoviocyte proliferation and inflammatory mediators. METHODS To test the(More)
This study aimed to describe the diversity of antifungal lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in popular traditional Korean fermented food. A total of 22 LAB strains was selected and subjected to a monophasic identical approach using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Antifungal LAB associated with fermented food was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum (9),(More)
In the present study, Lactobacillus pentosus, L. plantarum, L. fermentum, L. brevis, L. paraplantarum, L. buchneri, and L. acidipiscis, which are strains capable of producing antifungal metabolites against food-spoilage fungi, were isolated and identified based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing from different traditional pickles. L. brevis P68 exhibited(More)
BACKGROUND Although cisplatin is extensively used in the clinical field, its intrinsic toxicity limits its clinical use. We investigated nanoparticle formations of poly(acrylic acid-co-methyl methacrylate) (PAA-MMA) incorporating cisplatin and their antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. METHODS Cisplatin-incorporated nanoparticles were prepared through(More)
Coumaric acid (CA) is a phenolic acid of the hydroxycinnamic acid family, and it has many biological functions such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, anti-ulcer, anti-platelet, anti-cancer activities, etc. In the present study, we planned to analyse the potential molecular function of CA on skeletal muscle and preadipocytes differentiation(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the antitumor effects of the synthetic Mannich base 1,3-bis-((3-hydroxynaphthalen-2-yl)phenylmethyl)urea (1,3-BPMU) against HEP-G2 hepatoma cells and diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced hepatocarcinoma (HCC) in albino rats. In vitro analysis results revealed that 1,3-BPMU showed significant cytotoxicity and cell(More)
BACK GROUND Intramuscular fat deposition in the meat animal is relatively new strategy for developing the meat quality. Fat deposition is largely depending on the adipocyte proliferation and differentiation. Therefore, we investigated the effect of chloroform extract of L. multiflorum [CELM] on cell proliferation, lipid accumulation and adipocyte(More)
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