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Recent studies reported that early initiation of hemodialysis may increase mortality. However, studies that assessed the influence of early initiation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) yielded controversial results. In the present study, we evaluated the prognosis of early initiation of PD on the various outcomes of end stage renal failure patients by using(More)
OBJECTIVE NADPH oxidase is potentially associated with acute pancreatitis by producing reactive oxygen species (ROS). We investigated whether NADPH oxidase mediates the activation of Janus kinase (Jak)2/signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stat)3 and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) to induce the expression of transforming growth(More)
Pyruvate is an endogenous antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substance. The present study was implemented to investigate the protective effect of ethyl pyruvate (EP) against the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy in an in vivo and in vitro model. Diabetic rats were prepared by injecting streptozotocin (65 mg/kg). Those that developed(More)
AIM   The mortality and morbidity of end-stage renal failure patients remains high despite recent advances in pre-dialysis care. Previous studies suggesting a positive effect of pre-dialysis education were limited by unmatched comparisons between the recipients and non-recipients of education. The present study aimed to clarify the roles of the(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a multi-center randomized double-blind study to determine the effects of 6-month therapy with sulodexide on urinary protein excretion in patients with idiopathic Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of seventy-seven patients participated in the study. They were randomly allocated to one of three groups:(More)
The cholecystokine (CCK) analogue cerulein causes pathophysiological, morphological, and biochemical events similar to various aspects of human pancreatitis. Doses of CCK or cerulein beyond those that cause the maximum pancreatic secretion of amylase and lipase result in pancreatitis, which is characterized by a dysregulation of the digestive enzyme(More)
Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) binds to purinergic receptors and, as a danger molecule, promotes inflammatory responses. Here we tested whether periodate-oxidized ATP (oATP), a P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) antagonist can attenuate renal ischemia-reperfusion injury and clarify the related cellular mechanisms. Treatment with oATP prior to(More)
HL156A is a novel AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator. We aimed to investigate the protective mechanism of HL156A against peritoneal fibrosis (PF) in in vivo and in vitro models. The rat PF model was induced by daily intraperitoneally injection of chlorhexidine (CHX) solution containing 0.1% CHX gluconate and 15% ethanol for 4 wk. The rats in the(More)
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