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CCL23 is a CC chemokine and exerts its biological activities on endothelial cells as well as on immune cells through CCR1. We investigated the potential effect of CCL23 on expression of KDR/Flk-1 receptor in endothelial cells. PCR, confocal microscope and Western blot analysis revealed that CCL23 up-regulated KDR/Flk-1 mRNA and protein levels in endothelial(More)
PolyP (inorganic polyphosphate) is a linear polymer of many tens or hundreds of orthophosphate residues found in a wide range of organisms, including bacteria, fungi, insects, plants and vertebrates. Despite its wide distribution in mammalian tissues and plasma, the biological functions of polyP on tumour metastasis and angiogenesis have not been previously(More)
In this article, we provide the results of experimental studies demonstrating that corneal avascularity is an active process involving the production of anti-angiogenic factors, which counterbalance the pro-angiogenic/lymphangiogenic factors that are upregulated during wound healing. We also summarize pertinent published reports regarding corneal(More)
CCL15 is a novel human CC chemokine and exerts its biological activities on immune cells through CCR1 and CCR3. Because a number of chemokines induce angiogenesis and endothelial cells express CCR1 and CCR3, we investigated the angiogenic activity of CCL15. Both CCL15(1-92) and N-terminal truncated CCL15(25-92) stimulate the chemotactic endothelial cell(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the involvement of Semaphorin 7A (Sema7a) in corneal neovascularization (NV). METHODS We generated anti-Sema7A antibodies to detect protein expression in corneal fibroblasts. Corneal fibroblast cells were cultured, stimulated with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF or FGF-2), immunostained with anti-Sema7A antibodies, and(More)
A variety of anti-inflammatory agents have been shown to exert chemopreventive activity via targeting of transcription factors such as NF-kappaB and AP-1. Lithospermum erythrorhizon (LE) has long been used in traditional oriental medicine. In this study, we demonstrated the inhibitory effects of LE extracts on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated production(More)
Corneal neovascularization is one of the leading causes of blindness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pro-angiogenic role of corneal fibroblast-derived membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) on basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced corneal neovascularization in vivo and in vitro. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated that(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Decorin has been shown to have antiangiogenic properties. In this study, we evaluate the involvement of membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), a proangiogenic enzyme, in decorin cleavage in the cornea. METHODS MT1-MMP expression was confirmed immunohistochemically in keratocytes and immortalized corneal fibroblast cell lines.(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effects of corneal epithelial membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) on vascular endothelial migration and proliferation. METHODS We generated immortalized wild-type, MT1-MMP knockout and MT1-MMP knock-in corneal epithelial cells. Calf pulmonary arterial endothelial (CPAE) cell proliferation and Boyden chamber(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of lamellar transection surgery on the nerve fiber density (NFD) and pattern of nerve regeneration in the cornea of thy1-YFP transgenic mice. METHODS Wide-field stereo fluorescence microscopy was used to obtain serial images of nerves in live thy1-YFP mice, which express a fluorescent protein in their axons. NFD (mm/mm(2))(More)