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Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation of skin induces an acute inflammation. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein plays key roles in acute inflammation in UVB-irradiated keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. Recently, curcumin has been regarded as a promising anti-inflammatory agent due to its ability to inhibit COX-2 expression. However, it remains largely unknown whether(More)
TNF-alpha induces some proinflammatory cytokines including IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, and itself by activation of NF-kappaB or MAPKs (p38, JNK, ERK). These cytokines play important roles in various inflammatory skin diseases, such as psoriasis. Recently it was also reported that expression of cyclin E is up-regulated by ERK pathway after TNF-alpha treatment.(More)
A scar is usually developed by an imbalance of collagen synthesis and degradation. It is believed that the flavonoids (quercetin and kaempferol) in onion extract play a role in reducing scar formation through inhibition of fibroblast activities. Even though several commercial products are composed of onion extract, the precise molecular mechanisms of onion(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, characterized by a combination of abnormal proliferation of keratinocytes, immunology and vascular proliferation. Proteomic analyses have revealed some clues regarding the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In the present study, we conducted an investigation of different proteomes of psoriatic lesional skin, and(More)
Conditioned medium from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) stimulates both collagen synthesis and migration of dermal fibroblasts. However, it is still unknown whether conditioned media from tumor growth factor (TGF)-β1-treated ADSCs (TGF-β1-treated ADSCs-CM) induces increased expression of type I collagen, matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), and migration(More)
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is derived from fresh whole blood, which contains a high concentration of platelets. Recently, PRP has been used for skin wound healing and rejuvenation. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying PRP-inducing wound healing processes are still largely unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of PRP on the(More)
BACKGROUND Striae distensae are dermal scars with flattening and atrophy of the epidermis. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination therapy with fractionated microneedle radiofrequency (RF) and fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser in the treatment of striae distensae. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty patients (30 female; mean age 33,(More)
The inhibition of the Smad2/3 pathway is a key step involved in the downregulation of type I collagen synthesis, thus preventing keloid formation in tissue. In this study, we investigated the effect of silibinin on the proliferation of human skin fibroblasts (HSFs), as well as its effect on the expression of type I collagen, matrix metalloproteinase(More)
Application of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been used for chronic wound healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of PRP on the wound healing processes of both acute and chronic ulcers and the underlying molecular mechanisms involved. We treated 16 patients affected by various acute and chronic ulcers with PRP. We performed(More)
The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathway plays a key role in the abnormal accumulation of type I and III collagen of scleroderma. Activator protein-1 (AP-1) is a key regulatory protein in TGF-beta1-induced type I collagen synthesis. However, it is largely unknown whether AP-1 is involved in the cell proliferation of fibroblasts in(More)