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TNF-alpha induces some proinflammatory cytokines including IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, and itself by activation of NF-kappaB or MAPKs (p38, JNK, ERK). These cytokines play important roles in various inflammatory skin diseases, such as psoriasis. Recently it was also reported that expression of cyclin E is up-regulated by ERK pathway after TNF-alpha treatment.(More)
Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation of skin induces an acute inflammation. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein plays key roles in acute inflammation in UVB-irradiated keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. Recently, curcumin has been regarded as a promising anti-inflammatory agent due to its ability to inhibit COX-2 expression. However, it remains largely unknown whether(More)
Conditioned medium from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) stimulates both collagen synthesis and migration of dermal fibroblasts. However, it is still unknown whether conditioned media from tumor growth factor (TGF)-β1-treated ADSCs (TGF-β1-treated ADSCs-CM) induces increased expression of type I collagen, matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), and migration(More)
BACKGROUND Striae distensae are dermal scars with flattening and atrophy of the epidermis. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination therapy with fractionated microneedle radiofrequency (RF) and fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser in the treatment of striae distensae. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty patients (30 female; mean age 33,(More)
A scar is usually developed by an imbalance of collagen synthesis and degradation. It is believed that the flavonoids (quercetin and kaempferol) in onion extract play a role in reducing scar formation through inhibition of fibroblast activities. Even though several commercial products are composed of onion extract, the precise molecular mechanisms of onion(More)
The inhibition of the Smad2/3 pathway is a key step involved in the downregulation of type I collagen synthesis, thus preventing keloid formation in tissue. In this study, we investigated the effect of silibinin on the proliferation of human skin fibroblasts (HSFs), as well as its effect on the expression of type I collagen, matrix metalloproteinase(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, characterized by a combination of abnormal proliferation of keratinocytes, immunology and vascular proliferation. Proteomic analyses have revealed some clues regarding the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In the present study, we conducted an investigation of different proteomes of psoriatic lesional skin, and(More)
UV radiation is known to cause photoaging of the skin and is considered one of the leading cause of developing skin carcinogenesis. Melatonin which has a highly lipophilic molecular structure facilitating penetration of cell membranes and serving as an extra- and intracellular free radical scavenger has been demonstrated to protect photodamage of skin(More)
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is derived from fresh whole blood, which contains a high concentration of platelets. Recently, PRP has been used for skin wound healing and rejuvenation. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying PRP-inducing wound healing processes are still largely unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of PRP on the(More)