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The phosphorylation of histone variant H2AX at DNA double-strand breaks is believed to be critical for recognition and repair of DNA damage. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism regulating the exchange of variant H2AX with conventional H2A in the context of the nucleosome. Here, we isolate the H2AX-associated factors, which include FACT(More)
SMYD3 is a SET domain-containing protein with histone methyltransferase activity on histone H3-K4. Recent studies showed that SMYD3 is frequently overexpressed in different types of cancer cells, but how SMYD3 regulates the development and progression of these malignancies remains unknown. Here, we report the previously unrecognized role of SMYD3 in(More)
DNA-bound transcription factors recruit many coactivator proteins to remodel chromatin and activate transcription. The Mediator complex is believed to recruit RNA polymerase II to most protein-encoding genes. It is generally assumed that interaction of Mediator subunits with DNA-binding transcription factors is responsible for Mediator recruitment to(More)
We studied the roles of JMJD1A and its target gene ADM in the growth of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and breast cancer cells under hypoxic conditions. Hypoxia stimulated HepG2 and Hep3B cell proliferation but had no effect on MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation. Interestingly, the JMJD1A and ADM expressions were enhanced by hypoxia only in HepG2 and Hep3B(More)
DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) play an important role in establishing and maintaining DNA methylation. Aberrant expression of DNMTs and their isoforms has been found in many types of cancer, and their contribution to aberrant DNA methylation has been proposed. Here, we generated HEK 293T cells stably transfected with each of 13 different DNMTs (DNMT1, two(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 plays a critical role in mediating cellular response to a wide range of environmental stresses. p53 regulates these processes mainly by acting as a short-lived DNA binding protein that stimulates transcription from numerous genes involved in cell cycle arrest, programmed cell death, and other processes. To investigate the importance(More)
This study examined the effects of continuous low-dose-rate radiation exposure (3.49 mGy/h) of gamma rays on mice testicles. C57BL/6 mice were divided into sham and radiation groups (n = 8 each), and were exposed to either sham irradiation or 2 Gy for 21 days, 0.2 Gy for 2 days, or 0.02 Gy for 6 h of low-dose-rate irradiation. Testicular weight,(More)
Histone modifications play important roles in the regulation of gene expression and chromatin organization. VprBP has been implicated in transcriptionally silent chromatin formation and cell-cycle regulation, but the molecular basis underlying such effects remains unclear. Here we report that VprBP possesses an intrinsic protein kinase activity and is(More)
Gastrointestinal injury is a major cause of death following exposure to high levels of radiation, and no effective treatments are currently available. In this study, we examined the capacity of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to mitigate intestinal injury in, and improve survival of, C3H/HeN mice given a lethal dose (12 Gy) of radiation to the(More)
Linker histone H1 has been generally viewed as a global repressor of transcription by preventing the access of transcription factors to sites in chromatin. However, recent studies suggest that H1 can interact with other regulatory factors for its action as a negative modulator of specific genes. To investigate these aspects, we established a human cell line(More)