Kysa K Gilkerson

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Variation in response to growth factor stimuli in myogenic satellite cell populations was investigated using a clonal-derived satellite cell culture system. Satellite cell clones were established from one muscle from one individual animal. One clone ("Early") which reached confluence on day 19 and one clone ("Late"), which reached confluence on day 29, were(More)
Satellite cells were isolated from the skeletal muscles of turkey varieties which grow at different rates to explore cellular mechanisms that may influence the rate of muscular growth. Satellite cells from the fast growing variety (Nicholas) were more responsive to insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and insulin, and less responsive to fibroblast growth(More)
1. Myogenic satellite cells were isolated and cloned from the Pectoralis major muscles of 6-week-old Nicholas and Merriam's tom turkeys to compare in vitro properties of muscle development between turkeys with markedly different growth rates. 2. Although only small differences (P < or = 0.05) were noted between proliferation rates of the two cell(More)
The effect of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on turkey satellite cell proliferation and differentiation was examined in cell culture. Satellite cell clones were established from one muscle of an individual turkey. The results showed that HGF is a potent activator and mitogen of turkey satellite cells and embryonic myoblasts with maximal stimulation at 1(More)
1. The interaction of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) with receptors on clonal-derived turkey satellite cells and embryonic myoblasts was compared using competitive binding assays and affinity cross-linking analysis. 2. Although [125I]IGF-I and [125I]IGF-II were displaced similarly by IGF-I and IGF-II within cell lines (P greater than 0.05),(More)
The role of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) isoforms in the proliferation of turkey skeletal muscle cells was examined using turkey myogenic cells. To compare the effects of PDGF during different developmental stages, postnatal myogenic satellite cell and embryonic myoblast cultures were developed for in vitro comparisons. Satellite cell cultures from(More)
Satellite cells were isolated from the pectoralis major (PM) and biceps femoris (BF) muscles of 5-week-old broiler chickens to compare growth and differentiation characteristics in vitro. BF cells proliferated at greater rates in the growth medium and were more responsive to the mitogenic effects of chicken serum than PM cells at all levels tested (p < or =(More)
The influence of growth factors on the proliferation and differentiation of clonal-derived embryonic myoblasts and satellite cells was examined in hormonally controlled serum-free media. Although insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-II each stimulated proliferation of both cell types, IGF-II was the more potent mitogen for embryonic myoblasts (P <(More)
1. The distribution and relative insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding capacities of membranes derived from 14 tissues of the turkey were examined. 2. Affinity cross-linking analyses using [125I]IGF-I and [125I]IGF-II with membranes derived from the liver, pectoralis major muscle, gizzard, heart and brain indicated that both IGFs interact with only(More)
Myogenic satellite cells were isolated from the turkey pectoralis major (PM), a muscle composed largely of white fibers, and the biceps femoris (BF), a muscle composed largely of red fibers, and their properties were compared in culture. Satellite cells derived from the PM and BF muscles exhibited differences in metabolic parameters, growth factor receptor(More)