Kyriakie Sarafoglou

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BACKGROUND Recent data indicate that the risk of developing a thyroid neoplasm clearly is increased after high-dose, therapeutic radiation therapy during childhood. To better understand the time course, natural history, and histopathology of thyroid lesions that develop after high-dose irradiation, the authors undertook a retrospective study of all(More)
Thyroid dysfunction has been reported following single dose and fractionated radiation in the context of bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Limited data are available regarding this complication following hyperfractionated radiation. We undertook a retrospective analysis of thyroid function in 150 patients who received BMT at our institution, and who were(More)
We report a fetus with radiological features of the four established types of short rib-polydactyly syndrome (SRPS). The phenotype of this fetus supports the previously suggested hypothesis that the different subtypes of the short rib and polydactyly syndrome are not single entities, but rather, part of a continuous spectrum with variable expressivity.
useful addition to the recommendation made in the Institute of Medicine report that journals require sex-specific analyses for publication. However, if the assertion that a coverage requirement is the “best way” to ensure adequately powered tests of men and women implies that a coverage requirement will be more effective than a publication requirement, I(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the validity of bone age assessment by ultrasonography (US). STUDY DESIGN Wrist US was performed on children (n = 100) undergoing radiographic bone age and compared with bone age estimation by a radiologist in the clinic and by endocrinologists under blinded conditions with Greulich and Pyle (GP) and Tanner and Whitehouse (TW3)(More)
Information on the hypothalamic pituitary ovarian axis in congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) females is scarce. Varying hormonal profiles and degrees of virilization in CDG females suggest a spectrum of yet unidentified mechanisms affected by impaired N-glycosylation. We describe an ALG6D woman who completed puberty with normal gonadotropins and(More)
BACKGROUND Newborn screening (NBS) for the classic forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is mandated in all states in the United States. Compared with other NBS disorders, the false-positive rate (FPR) of CAH screening remains high and has not been significantly improved by adjusting 17α-hydroxyprogesterone cutoff values for birth weight and/or(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of bone marrow transplantation (BMT), using high-dose chemotherapy and hyperfractionated total body irradiation, on gonadal function in survivors of acute leukemia treated during childhood. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a retrospective study of 33 subjects (17 boys) who underwent a BMT for acute leukemia (acute lymphoblastic(More)
The Roman Jewish community has been historically continuous in Rome since pre-Christian times and may have been progenitor to the Ashkenazi Jewish community. Despite a history of endogamy over the past 2000 yr, the historical record suggests that there was admixture with Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews during the Middle Ages. To determine whether Roman and(More)