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OBJECT There is continuous interest in the monitoring of language function during tumor resection around the frontotemporal regions of the dominant hemisphere. The aim of this study was to visualize language-related subcortical connections, such as the arcuate fasciculus (AF) by diffusion tensor (DT) imaging-based tractography. METHODS Twenty-two patients(More)
The authors represent a cooperative group of 15 institutions that examined the feasibility of using metabolic features observed in vivo with 1H-magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy to characterize brain tumors of the glial type. The institutions provided blinded, centralized MR spectroscopy data processing long with independent central review of MR(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) were performed in six subjects during self-paced finger movement performance, tactile somatosensory stimulation and binaural auditory stimulation using identical stimulation paradigms. Both functional imaging modalities localized brain activity in adjacent areas of anatomically(More)
A retrospective analysis of 111 patients with aneurysms associated with Moyamoya disease is presented. The subjects comprised of our 12 cases and 99 other well-documented cases. These 111 cases had 131 aneurysms. There were 48 males and 63 females. The average age was 40.3 years. The clinical manifestations were intracranial haemorrhage in 99 cases (89%),(More)
We evaluated and analysed our own 31 cases of the haemorrhagic type of moyamoya disease to clarify the clinical features of this disease. The cases were divided into three groups. Group A consisted of 12 cases with aneurysms. Aneurysms on the circle of Willis were treated as ordinary saccular aneurysms. Group B consisted of 14 cases with intracerebral(More)
Three patients undergoing surgery for cerebello-pontine angle meningioma suffered transient episodes of asystole. All patients exhibited return to the previous heart rate with cessation of surgical manipulations and administration of anticholinergic agents. These reactions were apparently elicited by activation of the trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) by direct(More)
OBJECTIVE It is known that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) are sensitive to the frontal and temporal language function, respectively. Therefore, we established combined use of fMRI and MEG to make reliable identification of the global language dominance in pathological brain conditions. METHODS We investigated(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was better preoperative planning and direct application to intraoperative procedures through accurate coregistration of diffusion-tensor (DT) imaging-based tractography results and anatomical three-dimensional magnetic resonance images and subsequent importation of the combined images to a neuronavigation system (functional(More)
High gamma activity (HGA) has been shown to be positively correlated with blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) responses in the primary cortices with simple tasks. It is, however, an open question whether the correlation is simply applied to the association areas related to higher cognitive functions. The aim of this study is to investigate quantitative(More)
The identity of the glucose transporters (GLUT) expressed in neurons in situ has yet to be fully established. In the present study we have isolated the GLUT3 (RGT3) cDNA and produced anti RGT3 polyclonal antibody allowing us to investigate the cellular localization and tissue distributions of RGT3 mRNA and protein in the central nervous system of the rat by(More)