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A visual prosthesis for the blind using electrical stimulation of the visual cortex will require the development of an array of electrodes. Passage of current through these electrodes is expected to create a visual image made up of a matrix of discrete phosphenes. The quality of the visual sense thus provided will be a function of many parameters,(More)
A visual prosthesis, based on electrical stimulation of the visual cortex, has been suggested as a means for partially restoring functional vision in the blind. The prosthesis would create a pixelized visual sense consisting of punctate spots of light (phosphenes). The present study investigated the feasibility of achieving visually-guided mobility with(More)
A visual prosthesis based on electrical stimulation of the visual cortex with an array of penetrating electrodes is expected to produce pixelized visual images consisting of punctate spots of light (phosphenes). We measured reading speed in subjects viewing text with optically simulated phosphene fields in order to obtain estimates of the following design(More)
Recently, coronary artery disease such as angina pectoris and myocardial infarction has become the major causes of death. As a method of medical treatment for the disease, the pharmacological approaches and the surgical operations are executed. Especially, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using catheters are the mostly preferred treatment for(More)
Various electromagnetic based actuation (EMA) methods have been proposed for the actuation of micr-orobots. The advantage of EMA is that it can generate a wireless driving force for the microrobot, and this is the reason why many researchers have focused on the EMA driven microrobot. This paper proposes a swimming microrobot driven by an external(More)
We propose a new electromagnetic actuation (EMA) system for an intravascular microrobot with steering, locomotion and drilling functions. The EMA system consists of 3 pairs of Helmholtz coil and 1 pair of Maxwell coil. Generally, Helmholtz coils can align a microrobot in a desired direction by generating a uniform magnetic flux. If the uniform magnetic(More)
Among the various kinds of actuations for biomimetic robots, the electromagnetic actuation (EMA) method has been regarded as the one with the most potential. This paper proposes a jellyfish-like swimming mini-robot actuated by an EMA system in three-dimensional (3D) space. The jellyfish-like mini-robot has four flexible fins, each of which is equipped with(More)
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