Kyoung-jin Lee

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Approximately 80% of breast cancers are estrogen receptor alpha (ER-α) positive, and although women typically initially respond well to antihormonal therapies such as tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors, resistance often emerges. Although a variety of resistance mechanism may be at play in this state, there is evidence that in many cases the ER still plays a(More)
Purpose. The aim of this study was to reduce or prevent nonspecific binding (NSB) of compounds to ultrafiltration (UF) protein binding (PB) testing units. Methods. UF units (regenerated cellulose, MWCO 10K) were used for PB and NSB measurements with or without pretreatment with 5% tween 80 (TW 80) or 5% benzalkonium chloride (BAK) on the filter membrane.(More)
The synthesis and optimization of a series of orally bioavailable 1-(1H-indol-4-yl)-3,5-disubstituted benzene analogues as antimitotic agents are described. A functionalized dibromobenzene intermediate was used as a key scaffold, which when modified by sequential Suzuki coupling and Buchwald-Hartwig amination provided a flexible entry to(More)
ER-targeted therapeutics provide valuable treatment options for patients with ER+ breast cancer, however, current relapse and mortality rates emphasize the need for improved therapeutic strategies. The recent discovery of prevalent ESR1 mutations in relapsed tumors underscores a sustained reliance of advanced tumors on ERα signaling, and provides a strong(More)
The primary aim of this study was to investigate the skin permeation-enhancing mechanism of HPE-101 using erythrocyte ghost cells prepared from human whole blood as a biomembrane model. The extent of hemolysis of erythrocytes induced by HPE-101 was measured using a spectrophotometer at 540nm. The effect of HPE-101 on lipid fluidity was examined by observing(More)
The effect of experimental (apical) pH on absorptive permeability (Pe) was investigated in animal intestinal tissues and Caco-2 cell monolayers to examine whether the introduction of physiological pH such as 6.5 relates to the better prediction of animal intestinal Pe. Transport studies were conducted in a 24-well transwell for Caco-2 and diffusion chambers(More)
Selective estrogen receptor degraders (SERDs) have shown promise for the treatment of ER+ breast cancer. Disclosed herein is the continued optimization of our indazole series of SERDs. Exploration of ER degradation and antagonism in vitro followed by in vivo antagonism and oral exposure culminated in the discovery of indazoles 47 and 56, which induce tumor(More)
Discovery of a new class of DFG-out p38α kinase inhibitors with no hinge interaction is described. A computationally assisted, virtual fragment-based drug design (vFBDD) platform was utilized to identify novel non-aromatic fragments which make productive hydrogen bond interactions with Arg 70 on the αC-helix. Molecules incorporating these fragments were(More)
New methods of manufacture have enabled the creation of novel dosage forms with unique rapid-dispersion properties. This study combines one such technique with a statistical experimental design to develop dosage forms from captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor used to treat cases of hypertensive emergency. The TheriForm process, a novel(More)
The protein binding characteristic of 2'-Benzoyloxycinnamaldehyde (BCA) was investigated, which has demonstrated a potent antitumor effect against several human solid tumor cell lines and in human tumor xenograft nude mice. Protein binding of BCA in human serum was 86 +/- 0.91% and the predominant binding protein of BCA was fatty-acid-free human serum(More)