Kyoung Suk Lee

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether physical depressive symptoms inflate the association between depressive symptoms as measured with the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and cardiac event-free survival in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS A total of 210 patients with HF were recruited from HF clinics affiliated with two academic medical(More)
BACKGROUND health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is markedly impaired in patients with heart failure (HF). Despite worse prognosis and physical status, older patients have better HRQOL than younger patients. OBJECTIVE to determine reasons for differences in HRQOL in older compared with younger HF patients. METHODS a mixed methods approach was used.(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with heart failure (HF) experience multiple psychologic symptoms. Depression and anxiety are independently associated with survival. Whether co-morbid symptoms of anxiety and depression are associated with outcomes in patients with HF is unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine whether co-morbid symptoms of depression and anxiety are associated(More)
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