Kyoung Sig Chang

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Rat fetuses (E18) can learn a taste aversion in utero if experience with a sweet flavor (saccharin = Sac) is followed by a malaise-producing injection of lithium chloride (LiCl). Here we report that this phenomenon can be significantly modulated by the type of anesthesia administered to the pregnant dam before the conditioning procedure. Dams were(More)
BACKGROUND Isoflurane inhibits baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) by poorly understood mechanisms. The authors examined whether suprapontine central nervous system cardiovascular regulatory sites are required for anesthetic depression. METHODS The effects of isoflurane (1 and 2 rat minimum alveolar concentration [MAC]) on the baroreflex control of HR(More)
BACKGROUND Pentobarbital decreases the gain of the baroreceptor reflex on the order of 50%, and this blunting is caused nearly entirely by decreasing cardioinhibitory parasympathetic activity. The most likely site of action of pentobarbital is the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor. The authors tested whether pentobarbital augments the(More)
BACKGROUND Ketamine increases blood pressure and heart rate by unknown mechanisms, but studies suggest that an intact central nervous system and arterial baroreceptors are required. In the brain stem, medial nucleus tractus solitarius receives afferents from nodose neurons that initiate cardiovascular autonomic reflexes. Here, the authors assessed ketamine(More)
PURPOSE Cardiac dysfunction and hyperdynamic systemic circulation may be present in patients with cirrhosis. The purpose of this study was to identify relations between plasma levels of N-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP), reflecting early ventricular dysfunction, and the severity of liver disease and cardiac dysfunction in cirrhotic patients. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Ketamine increases both blood pressure and heart rate, effects commonly thought of as sympathoexcitatory. The authors investigated the possibility that ketamine increases heart rate by inhibiting the central cardiac parasympathetic mechanisms. METHODS We used a novel in vitro approach to study the effect of ketamine on the identified cardiac(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) have an alveolar inflammation resulting in the release of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta in bronchoalveolar epithelial fluid. It was proposed that the levels of these cytokines would correlate with clinical status parameters (extent of(More)
The translocation between chromosomes 15 and 17, t(15;17)(q22-24;q11-21), is present in the bone marrow cells of most patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Although conventional cytogenetic methods are useful for diagnosing this disease, difficulties are experienced in detecting residual disease among those patients who have achieved remission.(More)
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