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Because transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) works by reducing central excitability and activating central inhibition pathways, we tested the hypothesis that TENS would reduce pain and fatigue and improve function and hyperalgesia in people with fibromyalgia who have enhanced central excitability and reduced inhibition. The current study used(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether physical depressive symptoms inflate the association between depressive symptoms as measured with the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and cardiac event-free survival in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS A total of 210 patients with HF were recruited from HF clinics affiliated with two academic medical(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with heart failure (HF) experience multiple psychologic symptoms. Depression and anxiety are independently associated with survival. Whether co-morbid symptoms of anxiety and depression are associated with outcomes in patients with HF is unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine whether co-morbid symptoms of depression and anxiety are associated(More)
BACKGROUND An anatomical analysis of the transverse carpal ligament (TCL) and the surrounding structures might help in identifying effective measures to minimize complications. Here, we present a surgical technique based on an anatomical study that was successfully applied in clinical settings. METHODS Using 13 hands from 8 formalin-fixed cadavers, we(More)
Surface over volume rendering can be useful for many applications. However, the tremendously large number of polygons composing the surface primitives should be reduced to a manageable size so as to utilize the capability of low cost hardware and software rendering engines, a standard Internet protocol and VRML format. In this paper, we propose a novel(More)
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