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Hydroxy fatty acids are widely used in chemical, food, and cosmetic industries as starting materials for the synthesis of polymers and as additives for the manufacture of lubricants, emulsifiers, and stabilizers. They have antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities and therefore can be applied for medicinal uses. Microbial fatty(More)
L-Ribose is an important precursor for antiviral agents, and thus its high-level production is urgently demanded. For this aim, immobilized recombinant Escherichia coli cells expressing the L-arabinose isomerase and variant mannose-6-phosphate isomerase genes from Geobacillus thermodenitrificans were developed. The immobilized cells produced 99 g/l L-ribose(More)
Pretreatment technology is a prerequisite to facilitate the release of sugars from a lignocellulosic biomass prior to fermentation. Recently, some pretreatment methods have been tried with ionic liquids, but they were still expensive and unpractical. In this study, an efficient pretreatment method using ammonia and ionic liquid was developed for the(More)
A putative fatty acid hydratase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant enzyme showed the highest hydration activity for oleic acid among the fatty acids tested, indicating that the enzyme is an oleate hydratase. The optimal conditions for the production of 10-hydroxystearic acid from oleic acid using(More)
Optimal hydrolytic activity of β-glucosidase from Dictyoglomus turgidum for the ginsenoside Rd was at pH 5.5 and 80 °C, with a half-life of ~11 h. The enzyme hydrolysed β-linked, but not α-linked, sugar moieties of ginsenosides. It produced the rare ginsenosides, aglycon protopanaxadiol (APPD), compounds Y, and Mc, via three unique transformation pathways:(More)
A recombinant enzyme from Lysinibacillus fusiformis was expressed, purified, and identified as an oleate hydratase because the hydration activity of the enzyme was the highest for oleic acid (with a k cat of 850 min−1 and a K m of 540 μM), followed by palmitoleic acid, γ-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, myristoleic acid, and α-linolenic acid. The optimal(More)
The optimal temperature and pH for retinal production using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli in a 7-l fermentor were found to be 30°C and 7.0, respectively. The agitation speed was a critical factor for retinal production. The optimal agitation speed was 400 rpm (oxygen transfer coefficient, k(L)a, = 92 1/h) in batch culture and 600 rpm (k(L)a=148(More)
Linoleate 13-hydratase from Lactobacillus acidophilus LMG 11470 converted linoleic acid to hydroxyl fatty acid, which was identified as 13S-hydroxy-9(Z)-octadecenoic acid (13-HOD) by GC-MS and NMR. The expression of linoleate 13-hydratase gene in Escherichia coli was maximized by using pACYC plasmid and super optimal broth with catabolite repression (SOC)(More)
Fusarium moniliforme var. subglutinans was selected from among 100 strains of fungi for producing ginsenoside F(1) from ginsenoside Rg(1). The enzyme responsible was purified as a single 85 kDa band with a specific activity of 136 U mg(-1). It hydrolysed glucose-linked ginsenosides Rb(1), Rd and Rg(1) but not for other monosaccharide-linked ginsenosides,(More)
Secondary metabolites of plants are often difficult to synthesize in high yields because of the large complexity of the biosynthetic pathways and challenges encountered in the functional expression of the required biosynthetic enzymes in microbial cells. In this study, the biosynthesis of plant oxylipins--a family of oxygenated unsaturated carboxylic(More)