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The mechanisms of mucosal immunogenicity and adjuvanticity of bacterial exotoxins remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of the transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in cholera toxin (CT)-induced alteration of oral tolerance. Feeding CT abrogated ovalbumin (OVA)-induced oral tolerance, as evaluated by OVA-specific serum antibody(More)
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease commonly presents with cervical lymphadenopathy accompanied by fever, myalgia, neutropaenia, and rarely cutaneous eruption. Most cutaneous lesions present as erythematous macules, papules, plaques, nodules, or ulcers on the upper part of the body such as trunk, upper extremities, and face. We present a case of Kikuchi-Fujimoto(More)
The Notch signaling pathway appears to perform an important function in inflammation. Here, we present evidence to suggest that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) suppresses Notch signaling via the direct modification of Notch by the nitration of tyrosine residues in macrophages. In the RAW264.7 macrophage cell line and in rat primary alveolar macrophages, LPS was(More)
In this study, we investigated the role of PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10) in a platelet-activating factor (PAF)-induced experimental pulmonary tumor metastasis model. An adenovirus carrying PTEN cDNA (Ad-PTEN) reversed PAF-induced increase in phosphorylation of AKT as well as pulmonary metastasis of B16F10. PAF-induced(More)
Increased interleukin (IL)-8 plays an important role not only in activation and recruitment of neutrophils but also in inducing exaggerated angiogenesis at the inflamed site. In the present study, we investigated the fact that clotrimazole (CLT) inhibits intestinal inflammation, and the inhibitory action is mediated through suppression of IL-8 expression.(More)
Mollugin is the active compound of Rubia cordifolia, which has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases including arthritis and uteritis. In the present study, we investigated for the first time the inhibitory effects and the mechanisms of action of mollugin (M1) and its synthetic derivatives (M2-M4) on(More)
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare, life-threatening, drug-induced cutaneous reaction. We herein report our experience regarding causes, clinical course, treatment and sequelae of TEN in Korean patients. In addition, we used the SCORTEN, a severity-of-illness score for TEN, to compare the predicted and actual mortality rates, and to evaluate the(More)
In this study, we investigated the influence of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on the induction of apoptosis-regulating factors in B16F10 melanoma cells. PAF increased the expression of mRNA and the protein synthesis of antiapoptotic factors, such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, but did not increase the expression of the proapoptotic factor, Bax. A selective nuclear(More)
BACKGROUND Artecoll is now being widely used as an injectable aesthetic microimplant for the treatment of wrinkles because of its long-lasting cosmetic effects and the rarity of late complications, including foreign body granulomas. Recently, however, several cases of Artecoll-induced granulomas on the face have been reported, especially in patients(More)