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Epidemiological studies have shown a strong relationship between the level of lead in blood and bone as assessed by performance on IQ tests and other psychometric tests. Approximately 1 out of 10 children in the United States have blood lead levels above 10 microg/dl, which has been established as the level of concern. Studies on experimental animals(More)
BACKGROUND Mathematical modeling is being applied to increasingly complex biological systems and datasets; however, the process of analyzing and calibrating against experimental data is often challenging and a rate limiting step in model development. To address this problem, we developed a systematic methodology for calibrating quantitative models of(More)
We show that ATE1-encoded Arg-transfer RNA transferase (R-transferase) of the N-end rule pathway mediates N-terminal arginylation of multiple endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-residing chaperones, leading to their cytosolic relocalization and turnover. N-terminal arginylation of BiP (also known as GRP78), protein disulphide isomerase and calreticulin is co-induced(More)
Addition of lead acetate to PC 12 pheochromocytoma cells elicits induction of c-fos, an immediate early response gene. Induction of c-fos was concentration- and time-dependent: the lowest concentration of lead acetate tested that induced c-fos was 10 microM; induction was observed after a 30 min incubation and remained high after 90 min. Treatment with lead(More)
We previously demonstrated induction of c-fos mRNA in PC12 cells exposed to lead that was dependent on new transcription. In the current work, we examined two signal transduction mechanisms that are activated by lead and have been shown to mediate induction of c-fos mRNA. One mechanism involves protein kinase C, and the other requires calmodulin-dependent(More)
The possibility that the mechanism of lead neurotoxicity may be at the level of transcription was investigated in PC12 cells. In electrophoretic mobility gel shift assays Pb2+ was found to increase activator protein-1 complex (AP-1) DNA binding activity in PC12 cells; the increase was time- and concentration-dependent. Exposure to Pb2+ also resulted in an(More)
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