Learn More
A series of hexadeoxyribonucleotides (6-mers), d(TGGGAG), substituted with a variety of aromatic groups at the 5'-end were synthesized and tested for anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) activity. While unmodified d(TGGGAG) (31) had no anti-HIV-1 activity, compound 23 with a 3,4-di(benzyloxy)benzyl (DBB) group at the 5'-end potently inhibited(More)
Thyroid functions were studied in 287 children given long-term treatment with anticonvulsants. Of these 287 patients, 26 were treated with carbamazepine (CBZ) alone, 63 with phenobarbital (PB) alone, 66 with sodium valproate (VPA) alone and 132 with combination therapy. Serum triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) concentrations were decreased after more(More)
We have determined that hexadeoxyribonucleotides (5'TGGGAG3'), with modified aromatic groups such as a trityl group at the 5'-end, have anti-HIV-1 activity in vitro. The 6-mer bearing a 3,4-dibenzyloxybenzyl (3,4-DBB) group at the 5'-end had the most potent activity and the least cytotoxicity. When the 3'-end of the 5'-(3,4-DBB)-modified 6-mer was(More)
Of 287 patients under long-term therapy with anticonvulsants, 24 with low serum thyroxine and free thyroxine concentrations were prescribed supplementary thyroxine in the present study. In addition, the basal metabolic rate (BMR) was measured in 13 out of 24 patients and in eight of them it was low (under -15%). Serum thyroid hormone concentrations improved(More)
5'-Modified pentadecadeoxyribonucleotides with a sequence (5'-TGGGAGGTGGGTCTG-3') (15mer) complimentary (antisense) to the tat 2nd splicing acceptor region of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) were prepared and evaluated for anti-HIV-1 activity. The modified antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotides (AS-ODNs) were synthesized using 5'-modified thymidine(More)
We encountered a case of HIV-1 infection in a previously healthy man, which was characterized by rapid progression to AIDS and death within 7 months in association with high levels of antigenemia throughout the clinical course and no humoral immune response for at least 6 months. Genetic changes of the third variable domain (V3) of the envelope gene of(More)
Oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODN) linked at their 5'-end with dimethoxytrityl (DmTr) residue were examined for antiviral activities against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). We found that guanine-rich oligonucleotides exhibit anti-HIV activity upon 5'-end modification with DmTr. One oligonucleotide, DmTr-TGGGAGGTGGGTCTG (SA-1042), showed potent(More)
Eelgrass (Zostera marina) beds are known to have high ecological and economical values within coastal ecosystems of the temperate northern hemisphere although their biodiversity and functions varied greatly from sites to sites. The variation in the biomass, abundance and diversity of mobile invertebrates in eelgrass beds has been examined in relation to(More)
Prulifloxacin ((+/-)-6-fluoro-1-methyl-7-[4-(5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxolen-4-yl) methyl-1-piperazinyl]-4-oxo-4H-[1,3]thiazeto[3,2-a]quinoline-3-car boxylic acid, CAS 123447-62-1, NM441) is a prodrug of a new quinolone carboxylic acid antibacterial agent, NM394 (CAS 112984-60-8). The pharmacokinetics of radioactivity after repeated oral administration of(More)
The pharmacokinetics of prulifloxacin ((+/-)-6-fluoro-1-methyl-7-[4-(5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxolen-4-yl) methyl-1-piperazinyl]-4-oxo-4H-[1,3]thiazeto[3,2-a]quinoline-3-car boxylic acid. CAS 123447-62-1, NM441), a quinolone antibacterial prodrug, was investigated after i.v. (14C-NM394, CAS 112984-60-8) or oral (14C-NM441) administration to rats, dogs and(More)