Kyong-Cheol Ko

Learn More
A novel lipolytic enzyme was isolated from a metagenomic library after demonstration of lipolytic activity on an LB agar plate containing 1% (w/v) tributyrin. A novel esterase gene (estIM1), encoding a lipolytic enzyme (EstIM1), was cloned using a shotgun method from a pFosEstIM1 clone of the metagenomic library, and the enzyme was characterized. The estIM1(More)
Metagenomic resources representing ruminal bacteria were screened for novel exocellulases using a robotic, high-throughput screening system, the novel CelEx-BR12 gene was identified and the predicted CelEx-BR12 protein was characterized. The CelEx-BR12 gene had an open reading frame (ORF) of 1140 base pairs that encoded a 380-amino-acid-protein with a(More)
Exocellulases play a key role in cleaving the accessible ends of cellulose molecules to release soluble glucose and cellobiose. To date, there have been no screens for exocellulase owing to assay protocol limitations, the high cost of substrates, and low activity of exocellulases compared with endocellulases. This study is the first to demonstrate direct(More)
We present a newly developed algorithm for automatically segmenting videos into basic shot units. A basic shot unit can be understood as an unbroken sequence of frames taken from one camera. At first we calculate the frame difference by using the local histogram comparison, and then we dynamically scale the frame difference by Log-formula to compress and(More)
The peptidoglycan of Selenomonas ruminantium is covalently bound to cadaverine (PG-cadaverine), which likely plays a significant role in maintaining the integrity of the cell surface structure. The outer membrane of this bacterium contains a 45-kDa major protein (Mep45) that is a putative peptidoglycan-associated protein. In this report, we determined the(More)
Several types of enzymes, including cellulases and xylanases, are required to degrade hemicelluloses and cellulose, which are major components of lignocellulosic biomass. Such degradative processes can be used to produce various useful industrial biomaterials. Screening methods for detecting polysaccharide-degrading microorganisms include the use of(More)
Recent studies using heterologous protein expression systems suggest that synonymous codons affect not only the expression but also the properties of the expressed protein. However, practical application of this information is challenging, and to date, efforts to employ bioinformatics tools to design synonymous codon mixes have been only marginally(More)
An anaerobic microorganism termed AN-C16-KBRB was isolated from the bovine rumen and demonstrated cellulolytic activity on a NB agar plate containing azo-carboxymethyl cellulose. The 16S rRNA gene of the strain was 98% similar to that of Clostridiaceae bacterium SK082 (AB298754) as the highest homology. A novel celEdx16 gene encoding a bifunctional(More)
Selenomonas ruminantium synthesizes cadaverine and putrescine from L-lysine and L-ornithine as the essential constituents of its peptidoglycan by a constitutive lysine/ornithine decarboxylase (LDC/ODC). S. ruminantium grew normally in the presence of the specific inhibitor for LDC/ODC, DL-alpha-difluoromethylornithine, when arginine was supplied in the(More)