Kyoko Yoshioka

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Sirt1, a NAD-dependent protein deacetylase, is reported to regulate intracellular metabolism and attenuate reactive oxidative species (ROS)-induced apoptosis leading to longevity and acute stress resistance. We created transgenic (TG) mice with kidney-specific overexpression of Sirt1 using the promoter sodium-phosphate cotransporter IIa (Npt2) driven(More)
NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase Sirt1 regulates cellular apoptosis. We examined the role of Sirt1 in renal tubular cell apoptosis by using HK-2 cells, proximal tubular cell lines with or without reactive oxygen species (ROS), H(2)O(2). Without any ROS, Sirt1 inhibitors enhanced apoptosis and the expression of ROS scavenger, catalase, and Sirt1(More)
Angiotensin II enhances the development of atherosclerotic lesion in which cellular proliferation and/or migration are critical steps. Although cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p27, and Rho/Rho-kinase pathway have recently been implicated as factors regulating these events cooperatively, their role in vivo has not been fully elucidated. We evaluated the(More)
OBJECTIVE Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma ligand, pioglitazone (PIO), is reported to induce edema especially in postmenopausal women. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism for PIO-induced sodium retention and to discover the therapeutic strategy for the PIO-induced changes in renal sodium handling. METHODS AND(More)
Although peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR ) ligands have an antihypertensive effect in vivo, the precise mechanism has not been fully elucidated. We examined their effects on Rho/Rho kinase pathway, a key regulator of vascular tone. In cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMC), Rho kinase stimulated by angiotensin II was suppressed by(More)
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) ligands increase nitric oxide (NO) production and reduce systemic blood pressure. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor degraded by the enzyme dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH), which has two isoforms, DDAH-I and -II. In order to elucidate(More)
Although peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligands have an antihypertensive effect in vivo, the precise mechanism has not been fully elucidated. We examined their effects on Rho/Rho kinase pathway, a key regulator of vascular tone. In cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMC), Rho kinase stimulated by angiotensin II was(More)
It has becoming clear that angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) show varying levels of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blocking activity. Although the duration of activity and the efficacy on blood pressure of ARB are reported to vary, depending on the agents used, it has not been examined whether the effects on proteinuria and urinary nitrite/nitrate(More)
OBJECTIVE Dimethylarginie dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) is a degrading enzyme for asymmetrical dimethylarginine, an endogenous NO synthase inhibitor. The molecular mechanism for DDAH-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression was examined. METHODS AND RESULTS Although the transfection of expression vectors for 2 isoforms of DDAH, DDAH1,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS We previously demonstrated that acetylcholine elicited nitric oxide-dependent sustained and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-dependent transient dilation of afferent arterioles. The present study examined whether free radicals interacted with nitric oxide-dependent and EDHF-dependent vasodilator mechanisms in renal(More)