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Eye tracking has been used to investigate gaze behaviours in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, traditional analysis has yet to find behavioural characteristics shared by both children and adults with ASD. To distinguish core ASD gaze behaviours from those that change with development, we examined temporo-spatial gaze patterns in(More)
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery (NCS) has not been fully evaluated clinically. Currently, the main regimen of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) used in NCS includes cisplatin. The antitumor effects of NAC reduce lymph node metastasis and the tumor diameter in patients prior to surgery, and this can reduce the number of high risk patients who(More)
Cervical cancer is a female-specific disease with a high incidence and mortality. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are implicated in posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression and in the pathogenic mechanisms of cancer, suggesting their importance in diagnosis and treatment. miRNAs may have roles in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer based on the increases or(More)
Human symbiotic bacteria, Lactobacillus reuteri (LR) in the intestines, Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE) in skin and Streptococcus salivalis (SS) in the oral cavity, contain dihexaosyl diglycerides (DH-DG) in concentrations equivalent to those of phosphatidyl glycerol (PG) and cardiolipin (CL), together with mono- to tetrahexaosyl DGs. The molecular species,(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to evaluate iron status and neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants with and without extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR). METHODS This observational study evaluated 38 medically stable premature infants, with birth weights below 1500g. Iron status was determined by measuring venous levels of Hb, Fe, and serum ferritin. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Children with specific language impairment (SLI) face risks for social difficulties. However, the nature and developmental course of these difficulties remain unclear. Gaze behaviors have been studied by using eye tracking among those with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Using this method, we compared the gaze behaviors of children with SLI with(More)
We treated a girl with Zellweger syndrome using a special infant formula supplemented with middle chain triglyceride (MCT) milk, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), Lorenzo's oil, and Lunaria oil, which is rich in nervonic acid (C24:1). We examined the fatty acid contents of the plasma and red blood cell (RBC) membrane. Neurological development was evaluated using(More)
Among negatively charged lipids, sulfoglycolipids are known to be expressed by specific cell populations and to be involved in their functions, including in adhesion with functional proteins, modification of ion channels and induction of cellular differentiation. Accordingly, we determined their amounts in several histologically defined types of ovarian(More)
AIM To assess the developmental characteristics of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants using the Kyoto Scale of Psychological Development (KSPD) and to compare with those using the Bayley Scales, third edition (Bayley III). METHODS KSPD and Bayley III were performed on 124 Japanese VLBW infants at 18months of corrected age at a 2-week interval by trained(More)