Kyoko Tan-Takeuchi

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Deletions in the DAP12 gene in humans result in Nasu-Hakola disease, characterized by a combination of bone fractures and psychotic symptoms similar to schizophrenia, rapidly progressing to presenile dementia. However, it is not known why these disorders develop upon deficiency in DAP12, an immunoreceptor signal activator protein initially identified in the(More)
Myelin is a multi-layered membranous lipid insulator surrounding axons that allows the rapid conduction of neuronal impulses. In the central nervous system (CNS), myelin is produced by oligodendrocytes. During development, morphologically immature oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) arise from neural stem cells before differentiating into myelinating(More)
To examine the role of neural cell adhesion molecule L1 in thalamocortical projections, we analysed L1 deficient (L1-/y) mice. Immunohistochemistry of pleiotrophin/HB-GAM, a marker for thalamocortical axons and axonal tracing experiments showed that thalamocortical axons were abnormally and highly fasciculated when they pass through the developing internal(More)
Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) has currently been proposed to be a possible igniter of myelination in the central nervous system. We propose here that myelin basic protein (MBP) is prerequisite, which is more diffusely expressed than MAG in early stages of myelination. MBP-deficient mice show significant reduction of MAG-positive immature(More)
A clear understanding of cell fate regulation during differentiation is key in successfully using stem cells for therapeutic applications. Here, we report that mild electrical stimulation strongly influences embryonic stem cells to assume a neuronal fate. Although the resulting neuronal cells showed no sign of specific terminal differentiation in culture,(More)
Dramatic changes in morphology and myelin protein expression take place during the differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) into myelinating oligodendrocytes. Fyn tyrosine kinase was reported to play a central role in the differentiation process. Molecules that could induce Fyn signaling have not been studied. Such molecules are promising(More)
The migration of leucocytes through the walls of venules was examined in detail in the posterior latissimus dorsi muscle of quail-chick spinal cord chimeras, in which flaccid paralysis of the wings was observed. Examinations were made from the 70th to 80th day after hatching. Muscle fibers were degenerated and intramuscular nerve bundles destroyed. Massive(More)
Recent in vitro study showed that astrocytes induce oligodendrocyte processes to adhere to axons. However, the role of astrocytes in myelination in vivo remains unknown. We have, therefore, conducted a study to clarify the possible involvement of astrocytes during the initial myelination process. In newborn mice, the expression of glial fibrillary acidic(More)
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