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Isothiocyanates (ITCs) are sulfur-containing compounds that are generated by the glucosinolate-myrosinase system in plants. Although previous greenhouse studies have demonstrated the phytotoxicity of ITCs, their action modes are still unknown. In this study, we report the physiological responses of Arabidopsis thaliana treated with three exogenous ITCs:(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of plaunotol, an anti-ulcer agent, on trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNB)- and acetic acid-induced colonic lesions in rats. Plaunotol significantly reduced the severity of colonic mucosal lesions induced by TNB at a dose of 600 mg/kg/day. Moreover, plaunotol, at a dose of 600 mg/kg/day, significantly depressed(More)
Although it has been documented that plants generate isothiocyanates (ITCs) through the glucosinolate-myrosinase system to defend against biotic stresses, the roles of ITCs in defending against abiotic stresses have scarcely been studied. Here, we report that exogenously applied ITCs enhance the heat tolerance of Arabidopsis thaliana. Pre-administration of(More)
2,3-Dihydro-5H-oxazolo[3,2-a]thieno[3,2-d]-(2a--d), [3,4-d]-(2e--h), and [2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives (2i,j) were synthesized and evaluated for gastric antisecretory activity. These analogues (2) were prepared stepwise starting from formylthiophenecarbamates (4). The structure-activity relationships of these compounds are discussed.
Thiazolo[3,2-a]thieno[3,2-d]-, [3,4-d]- and [2,3-d]pyrimidin-5-one derivatives (6, 11 and 16), and polymethylene condensed thieno[3,2-d]-, [3,4-d]- and [2,3-d]pyrimidin-5-one derivatives (19-21), in which the oxygen atom of the oxazolidine moiety in 3 was replaced by a sulfur atom or methylene groups, were synthesized and evaluated for gastric antisecretory(More)
It has been suggested that there is a close relationship between Helicobacter pylori and the onset or recurrence of gastroduodenal disease. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of H. pylori on the healing of chronic gastric ulcers induced in mice. H. pylori administered to nude mice delayed the healing of experimental acetic acid-induced gastric(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the structure-activity relationship of bisphenol A (BPA) analogs using absolute hardness (eta) and absolute electronegativity (chi) (chemical hardness) and to design a non-estrogen active BPA. To determine the structure-activity relationships of BPA analogs, we investigated MCF-7 cell proliferation stimulated by BPA(More)
A packed bed bioreactor using charcoal pellets produced from waste mushroom medium by thermal carbonization was developed and applied to continuous acetic acid production. The pellets were characterized by their high specific surface area (200 m2/g) with numerous micropores (2-10 microm). The continuous acetic acid fermentation started up smoothly after(More)
A practical preparation of various 2,3-dihydro-5H-oxazolo[3,2-a]thieno[3,2-d]-, [3,4-d]-, and [2,3-d]pyrimidin-5-one derivatives was developed starting from the corresponding aminothiopheneesters in two steps, and their chloro-substituted derivatives were prepared. These compounds were evaluated for gastric antisecretory activity in pylorus-ligated rats,(More)
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