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Isothiocyanates (ITCs) are sulfur-containing compounds that are generated by the glucosinolate-myrosinase system in plants. Although previous greenhouse studies have demonstrated the phytotoxicity of ITCs, their action modes are still unknown. In this study, we report the physiological responses of Arabidopsis thaliana treated with three exogenous ITCs:(More)
A packed bed bioreactor using charcoal pellets produced from waste mushroom medium by thermal carbonization was developed and applied to continuous acetic acid production. The pellets were characterized by their high specific surface area (200 m2/g) with numerous micropores (2-10 microm). The continuous acetic acid fermentation started up smoothly after(More)
It has been suggested that there is a close relationship between Helicobacter pylori and the onset or recurrence of gastroduodenal disease. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of H. pylori on the healing of chronic gastric ulcers induced in mice. H. pylori administered to nude mice delayed the healing of experimental acetic acid-induced gastric(More)
Gastric secretory functions and plasma gastrin levels in rats after the prolonged treatment of pirenzepine 2HCl were evaluated. Pirenzepine 2HCl at 100 mg/kg was given p.o. twice daily for 4 weeks. Control animals were given saline alone. The test agent potently inhibited gastric secretion in pylorus-ligated rats and fistula rats stimulated with(More)
Irritative effects of three steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the gastrointestinal tract of rats and dogs were determined. With either single or repeated subcutaneous administration these drugs dose dependently irritated the gastric mucosa of both species. The intestinal mucosa was less affected. Concomitant oral administration of aspirin or subcutaneous(More)
The local absorption kinetics from the intestinal tract into the portal system was evaluated using the portal-venous concentration difference (P-V difference) after oral administration of diclofenac in conscious rats. The local absorption ratio (Fa), mean local absorption time (ta), and relative variance (sigma 2/ta2) from the intestinal tract into the(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of plaunotol, an anti-ulcer agent, on trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNB)- and acetic acid-induced colonic lesions in rats. Plaunotol significantly reduced the severity of colonic mucosal lesions induced by TNB at a dose of 600 mg/kg/day. Moreover, plaunotol, at a dose of 600 mg/kg/day, significantly depressed(More)
Male donryu rats (200-220 g) and mongrel dogs of both sexes (7-20 kg) were used. Histamine-induced ulcers: Histamine 2HCl (100 mg/kg) was given i.p. to 24 hr-fasted rats and the animals were killed 4 hr later. Histamine 2HCl in beeswax (20 mg/kg) was given i.m. to dogs once daily for 5 days and the animals were killed on the 6th day. Aspirin-induced ulcers:(More)
Aspirin, 100 mg/kg, given only twice at intervals of 16 h to fasted mini pigs induced lesions in the body but had no effect on the antrum and small intestine. Indomethacin, 40 mg/kg, given once daily for 10 consecutive days to non-fasted mini pigs very weakly irritated the pig stomach but induced multiple superficial lesions in the jejunum and ileum.(More)