Kyoko Oshita

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Cannabinoids have been reported to have analgesic properties in animals of acute nociception or of inflammatory and neuropathic pain models, but the mechanisms by which they exert such alleviative effects are not yet fully understood. We investigated whether the CB(1)-cannabinoid-receptor agonist HU210 modulates the capsaicin-induced (45)Ca(2+) influx and(More)
Vanilloid receptor 1 was recently reported to play an important role in hyperalgesia, but the mechanisms by which this receptor is activated by endogenous inflammatory mediators, such as bradykinin and nerve growth factor, are not yet fully understood. Here, we investigated whether bradykinin, which is a pain-producing inflammatory mediator, sensitizes(More)
Bradykinin interacts with the bradykinin B2 receptor on dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, setting off a series of reactions inside the cells that ultimately make the vanilloid receptor 1 more sensitive to a normal stimulus by activating various enzymes coupled with second messenger signaling cascades. Zaltoprofen, a propionic acid derivative non-steroidal(More)
For difficult to treat neuropathic pain from cancer, adjuvant analgesics are often used with opioids. We present the case of a 5-year-old girl who was diagnosed with meningitis caused by malignant T-cell lymphoma. She had severe neuropathic pain not relieved by increasing doses of a fentanyl infusion. Intravenous administration of ketamine and lidocaine in(More)
This resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study found that nine patients with somatoform pain disorder exhibited atypical precentral gyrus activation compared with 20 healthy controls. The role of the precentral gyrus in pain-related processing is discussed.
AIMS Somatoform pain disorder is associated with psychosocial dysfunction, and psychotherapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), are thought to provide useful interventions to address such dysfunction as well as the pain itself. However, little is known about whether CBT for somatoform pain disorder is effective, including the long-term course of(More)
To the Editor: Lightning limb pain, a clinical feature of tabes dorsalis, is extremely severe and is refractory to various therapeutic approaches [1]. We report the case of a 61-year-old man who had severe paroxysmal lower limb pain for a decade because of tabes dorsalis. Nine years ago, he was diagnosed with tabes dorsalis and treated with high-dosage(More)
OBJECTIVES Accidental dural puncture (ADP) is known as a complication of epidural anesthesia. Although puncture site and advanced age have been reported to increase the risk of ADP, all related factors have not been fully investigated. We retrospectively investigated factors related to ADP in patients undergoing surgery. METHODS We reviewed the records of(More)
Intraoperative transcranial motor-evoked potential monitoring causes contraction of the masseter muscles, which may cause injuries to the oral cavity and damage to the orotracheal tube. We developed a mouthpiece made from vinyl-silicone impression material to prevent these injuries. The purpose of this study was to examine its efficacy and safety.(More)
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