Kyoko Okumura

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Chronic cholestasis often results in premature death from liver failure with fibrosis; however, the molecular mechanisms contributing to biliary cirrhosis are not demonstrated. In this article, we show that the death signal mediated by TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptor 2/death receptor 5 (DR5) may be a key regulator of cholestatic liver(More)
In this study, we evaluated whether hepatic steatosis affects the viral response to interferon (IFN) and ribavirin combination therapy in Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Eighty CHC patients treated with IFN alpha-2b and ribavirin for 24 weeks were evaluated retrospectively. Liver biopsy specimens were assessed histopathologically, and(More)
Obesity and insulin resistance are the key factors for progression of hepatic fibrosis in various chronic liver diseases including non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Recently it has been shown that leptin plays a pivotal role in development of hepatic fibrosis. Leptin promotes hepatic fibrogenesis through upregulation of transforming growth factor-beta(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In this study, we investigated the effect of dalteparin sodium, a low molecular weight (LMW)-heparin, on hepatic fibrogenesis caused by chronic carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) administration in the rat. METHODS Female Wistar rats were given a single, or repeated intraperitoneal injections of CCl4 (1ml/kg, twice per week) and dalteparin(More)
Since non-alchoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is often accompanied with metabolic syndrome comprising obesity, type-2 diabetes and hypertension, it is hypothesized that adipocytokines, insulin resistance and autonomic nervous system play crucial roles in disease progression of NASH. On the other hand, hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) have been shown to produce(More)
In this study, we investigated a dietary model of steatohepatitis caused by methionine- and choline-deficiency (MCD) in obese, diabetic KK-A(y) mice. Male KK-A(y) mice and C57Bl/6 mice were fed an MCD diet for up to 8 weeks, and liver pathology was evaluated. Hepatic steatosis and inflammatory infiltration were more prominent in KK-A(y) mice than in C57Bl/6(More)
UNLABELLED Pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome-related nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) involves abnormal tissue-repairing responses in the liver. We investigated the effect of pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione derivative (TZD), on hepatic regenerative responses in obese, diabetic KK-A(y) mice. Male KK-A(y) mice 9 weeks after birth underwent two-thirds(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Specific induction of cell death in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a promising therapeutic strategy for hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we evaluated the cell-killing effect of ursolic acid (UA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid, in activated HSCs both in vitro and in vivo. METHODS Culture-activated rat HSCs were treated with UA(More)
Intraperitoneal injection of (+)-3-[3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine ((+)-3PPP), a sigma receptor agonist, significantly reduced the striatal levels of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) measured by in vivo microdialysis. These reductions were significantly greater at (+)-3PPP doses of 12 and 24 mg/kg(More)
Despite pathophysiological similarities to alcoholic liver disease, susceptibility to acetaminophen hepatotoxicity in metabolic syndrome-related nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has not been well elucidated. In this study, therefore, we investigated acetaminophen-induced liver injury in KK-A(y) mice, an animal model of metabolic syndrome. Twelve-week-old(More)