Kyoko Ishigaki

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Health risks caused by the chronic exposure to arsenic-contaminated groundwater has been recognized in many Asian and Latin American countries. While the health effects among adults have been well documented, those among the younger generations including children, infants, babies, and fetus have been scarcely reported. In this minireview, possible effects(More)
We evaluated the prevalence and profile of antiretroviral treatment (ART)-associated resistance mutations among HIV-1 strains in northern Vietnam by genotypically analyzing strains isolated from ART-naive individuals in Hai Phong, a city in which HIV-1 is highly prevalent. Plasma samples were collected from injecting drug users (IDU, n = 760), female sex(More)
Certain mutations in the connection subdomain and RNase H domain of reverse transcriptase (RT) of subtype B HIV-1 contribute to resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). However, the impact of non-B subtype polymorphisms in this region on drug resistance remains unclear. In this study, we determined the frequencies of drug(More)
Recent achievements in scaling up paediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) have changed the life of children living with HIV, who now stay healthy and live longer lives. However, as it becomes more of a chronic infection, a range of new problems have begun to arise. These include the disclosure of HIV serostatus to children, adherence to ART, long-term(More)
The nursing action master was developed through collecting terms used by the nurses. The nursing action terms were classified in 2 of the basics and specialty. The nursing action master consists of four hierarchical structures. Serial numbers and ID are set in every hierarchy. It started from 2006 to supply the master and it is revised every year. The(More)
In the last 10 years (1994-2004), the contents of original papers that examined critical pathway variances were analyzed. The results revealed that many research achievements were not applied to practically improving path variances as a result of insufficient coding of variances, and the use of coded data for statistical tests was limited. In order to(More)
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