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We studied the effects of grape seed proanthocyanidins extract (GSPE) given as a ratio of 3 mg in 100 g in a standard diet, on the tibial bone diaphysis in low-calcium fed rats. Measurements of bone density, mineral content, geometry, and bone strength using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). Further, the whole tibia bones were tested for(More)
Genetic and clinical data suggest that folate and homocysteine may play a role in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders. The total plasma homocysteine level is a sensitive measure of a functional folate deficiency. We thus investigated whether a functional folate deficiency and/or elevated levels of plasma homocysteine may be related to interictal(More)
We investigated the effects of grape seed proanthocyanidins extract (GSPE) on bone formation by examining total and cortical bone mass, density, architecture, and strength non-invasively using mandibular condyles of Ca-restricted rats. Forty Wistar male rats, each 5 weeks old, were divided into control (C), low-Ca diet (LCaD), low-Ca diet-standard diet(More)
Electrical stimulation of the anterior hypothalamus in cats elicits a behavior called restlessness. When a switch is available for the cats to shut off the electrical stimulation, the cats learn to turn off the stimulation (switch-off response; SOR). In this study, we examined the relationship between the SOR and immunoendocrinological alterations. First of(More)
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