Kyoichi Takao

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Fyn tyrosine kinase is highly expressed in the limbic system and mice lacking Fyn tyrosine kinase showed increased fearfulness in a variety of tests for anxiety-related behaviors. To investigate the possible role of Fyn tyrosine kinase in aggression, we assessed the aggressive behaviors of the mice lacking the Fyn tyrosine kinase using the resident-intruder(More)
Fast excitatory transmission in the mammalian central nervous system is mediated by AMPA-type glutamate receptors. The tetrameric AMPA receptor complexes are composed of four subunits, GluR1-4. The GluR4 subunit is highly expressed in the cerebellum and the early postnatal hippocampus and is thought to be involved in synaptic plasticity and the development(More)
We examined whether fusion proteins of G protein-coupled receptors with the alpha subunit of G(16) (Galpha(16)) could activate downstream signals. We expressed fusion proteins of G(i)-coupled receptors, i.e. CX(3)C chemokine receptor 1 (CX(3)CR1) and M(2) receptor, in Chinese hamster ovary cells. An agonist for CX(3)CR1 induced greater increases in(More)
OBJECTIVES The taste receptor gene family T2R has been implicated in the sensation of bitter taste. Phantogeusia is a spontaneous abnormal taste with no external stimulus. We analyzed the expression of T2R taste receptor genes in the tongues of patients with phantogeusia to assess their role in the pathogenesis of phantogeusia. METHODS We obtained(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the fact that smokers have deficit in detecting taste, particularly bitter taste, no study has investigated its biological correlate. METHODS In this context, we compared the expression of the bitter taste receptor gene, taste 2 receptor (TAS2R) in the tongues of smokers and non-smokers. Tissue samples were collected from the lateral(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS We examined the effect of zinc deficiency and supplementation on the expression of bitter taste receptor (TAS2R) and epithelial sodium ion channel (ENaC) genes on the tongue in rats. STUDY DESIGN Prospective animal study. METHODS A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats (3 weeks old) were used. Twelve rats were fed a normal diet for(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Taste receptor genes associated with bitterness belong to the T2R gene family. In this study, we compared the expression of genes of the T2R family in the tongues of patients with hypogeusia to those in healthy subjects and examined the possibility that T2R genes are involved in the pathogenesis of hypogeusia. STUDY DESIGN(More)
CONCLUSION We found a difference in expression sites between TAS2Rs and ENaC (epithelial sodium channels). The number of TAS2R-positive cells and ENaC-positive cells were decreased in zinc-deficient diet rats. These findings suggest that decreased expression of taste receptor genes may play an important role in the onset of zinc deficiency-associated taste(More)
Increasing the efficiency of gene transfer using non-viral vectors, which have the potential to be safe and economical, would improve upon available options for gene therapy. We previously reported that the third EGF motif of the extracellular matrix protein Del1 (E3) increases the transfection efficiency of non-viral vector methods. Here, we asked if E3(More)
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