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Individual ion channels or exchangers are described with a common set of equations for both the sinoatrial node pacemaker and ventricular cells. New experimental data are included, such as the new kinetics of the inward rectifier K+ channel, delayed rectifier K+ channel, and sustained inward current. The gating model of Shirokov et al. (J Gen Physiol 102:(More)
The importance of Ca(2+) entry in the cardiac hypertrophic response is well documented, but the actual Ca(2+) entry channels remain unknown. Transient receptor potential (TRP) proteins are thought to form either homo- or heteromeric Ca(2+) entry channels that are involved in the proliferation and differentiation of various cells. The purpose of this study(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) are amphiphiles found ubiquitously in the environment, including wildlife and humans, and are known to have toxic effects on physiological functions of various tissues. We investigated the effects of PFOS and PFOA on action potentials and L-type Ca(2+) currents, I(CaL), in isolated guinea-pig(More)
We examined the effect of SN-6, a new benzyloxyphenyl Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange (NCX) inhibitor on the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange current (I(NCX)) and other membrane currents in isolated guinea pig ventricular myocytes using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. SN-6 suppressed I(NCX) in a concentration-dependent manner. The IC(50) values of SN-6 were 2.3 microM(More)
Systemic inflammation induces various adaptive responses including tachycardia. Although inflammation-associated tachycardia has been thought to result from increased sympathetic discharge caused by inflammatory signals of the immune system, definitive proof has been lacking. Prostanoids, including prostaglandin (PG) D(2), PGE(2), PGF(2alpha), PGI(2) and(More)
This paper discusses the development of a cardiac sinoatrial (SA) node pacemaker model. The model successfully reconstructs the experimental action potentials at various concentrations of external Ca2+ and K+. Increasing the amplitude of L-type Ca2+ current (I(CaL)) prolongs the duration of the action potential and thereby slightly decreases the spontaneous(More)
We investigated the functional role of STIM1, a Ca(2+) sensor in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that regulates store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE), in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). STIM1 was mainly localized at the ER and plasma membrane. The knockdown of STIM1 expression by small interfering (si) RNA drastically decreased SOCE. In contrast, an(More)
The transient receptor potential (TRP) channels form a superfamily with six transmembrane structures, which is common in other types of voltage-dependent channels. The TRP-melastatin (TRPM) subfamily includes the putative tumor-suppressor melastatin, which was originally found as a down-regulated protein in melanoma tumor cell lines. Here, we report a novel(More)
AIMS We carried out a screening of survival factors released from cells exposed to simulated ischaemia and reperfusion (sI/R) using the embryonic rat heart-derived cell line, H9c2 cells, and examined the physiological role of the identified factor. METHOD AND RESULTS The culture medium supernatant of H9c2 cells exposed to sI/R was separated by column(More)
Mutations in genes that encode polycystins 1 or 2 cause polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Here, we report the genomic organization and functional expression of murine orthologue of human polycystin-2L1 (PKD2L1). The murine PKD2L1 gene comprises 15 exons in chromosome 19C3. Coexpression of PKD2L1 together with polycystin-1 (PKD1) resulted in the expression of(More)