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Individual ion channels or exchangers are described with a common set of equations for both the sinoatrial node pacemaker and ventricular cells. New experimental data are included, such as the new kinetics of the inward rectifier K+ channel, delayed rectifier K+ channel, and sustained inward current. The gating model of Shirokov et al. (J Gen Physiol 102:(More)
The importance of Ca(2+) entry in the cardiac hypertrophic response is well documented, but the actual Ca(2+) entry channels remain unknown. Transient receptor potential (TRP) proteins are thought to form either homo- or heteromeric Ca(2+) entry channels that are involved in the proliferation and differentiation of various cells. The purpose of this study(More)
Systemic inflammation induces various adaptive responses including tachycardia. Although inflammation-associated tachycardia has been thought to result from increased sympathetic discharge caused by inflammatory signals of the immune system, definitive proof has been lacking. Prostanoids, including prostaglandin (PG) D(2), PGE(2), PGF(2alpha), PGI(2) and(More)
This paper discusses the development of a cardiac sinoatrial (SA) node pacemaker model. The model successfully reconstructs the experimental action potentials at various concentrations of external Ca2+ and K+. Increasing the amplitude of L-type Ca2+ current (I(CaL)) prolongs the duration of the action potential and thereby slightly decreases the spontaneous(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) are amphiphiles found ubiquitously in the environment, including wildlife and humans, and are known to have toxic effects on physiological functions of various tissues. We investigated the effects of PFOS and PFOA on action potentials and L-type Ca(2+) currents, I(CaL), in isolated guinea-pig(More)
We examined the effect of SN-6, a new benzyloxyphenyl Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange (NCX) inhibitor on the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange current (I(NCX)) and other membrane currents in isolated guinea pig ventricular myocytes using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. SN-6 suppressed I(NCX) in a concentration-dependent manner. The IC(50) values of SN-6 were 2.3 microM(More)
Mutations in genes that encode polycystins 1 or 2 cause polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Here, we report the genomic organization and functional expression of murine orthologue of human polycystin-2L1 (PKD2L1). The murine PKD2L1 gene comprises 15 exons in chromosome 19C3. Coexpression of PKD2L1 together with polycystin-1 (PKD1) resulted in the expression of(More)
The hyperpolarization-activated cation current (I f) was recorded in single myocytes dissociated from the rabbit sino-atrial node and the Sr2+-mediated block of I f examined. In the presence of 0.1–10 mM Sr2+, the activation phase of I f was followed by a slower decay during hyperpolarization. In the steady state I/V diagram, the Sr2+ block progressed with(More)
N-type voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs) play determining roles in calcium entry at sympathetic nerve terminals and trigger the release of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine. The accessory beta3 subunit of these channels preferentially forms N-type channels with a pore-forming CaV2.2 subunit. To examine its role in sympathetic nerve regulation, we(More)
Single ventricular cells were enzymatically isolated from guinea pig hearts and the effects of sevoflurane on the delayed rectifier K(+) current were investigated by the patch clamp method. The rapidly (I(Kr)) and slowly activating delayed rectifier K(+) current (I(Ks)) were isolated using chromanol 293B, a selective blocker for I(Ks) or E4031(More)