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BACKGROUND C-erbB2 and estrogen receptors (ER) are well known for their cell proliferative capacity. Cyclin D1 is a major downstream target of both c-erbB2 and ER. This study was designed to analyze the expression of c-erbB2, cyclin D1 and ER and their prognostic implications in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. METHODS The c-erbB2 status was(More)
BACKGROUND Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with various lymphoproliferative disorders and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Recently, some gastric cancer cells were observed to contain the EBV sequence. We detected EBV in gastric cancer by using PCR to determine the frequency of EBV-associated gastric cancer, and performed immunohistochemical staining for(More)
The aim of this study was to assess immunohistochemical expression of p53, pRb, p16, and cyclin D1, alone or in combination, as prognostic indicators and to investigate their correlation with clinocopathologic features of urothelial carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining for p53, pRb, p16, and cyclin D1 was performed on a tissue microarray from 103(More)
OBJECTIVES Expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with poor prognosis. The IGF-1R pathway activates downstream targets that bypass dependency in signals from the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which mediates resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). The aim of(More)
INTRODUCTION [corrected] Hind-limb unloading (HU) in rodents has been used as a model to simulate some effects of spaceflight on the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and immune systems in humans. HU leads to redistribution of extracellular fluid to the upper half of the body. We hypothesized that altered blood flow might induce intercellular adhesion(More)
The claudins, members of a large family of adherent junction proteins, regulate the integrity and function of tight junctions. At present, at least 23 different claudins are known to exist in humans, and claudin gene expression is frequently altered in several human cancers. However, few studies have examined the expression of claudins in lung cancer. This(More)
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is a clinicopathological syndrome associated with a variety of disease entities. The aim of this study was to review cases with initial diagnosis of BOOP applying uniform histopathologic criteria, and analyze the clinical characteristics of proven cases of BOOP including rapidly progressive form. A total(More)
BACKGROUND Analysis of mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR) is important for predicting response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The overall rate of EGFR mutations in Korean patients is variable. To obtain comprehensive data on the status of EGFR mutations in Korean patients with lung cancer, the Cardiopulmonary Pathology Study(More)
We analyzed surface antigens, multidrug resistance (MDR) parameters (PGP, MRP, LRP), tissue infiltration parameters (CD18, CD44, VCAM, MMP2), receptors for colony stimulating factors (G-CSFr, GM-CSFr) and cell cycle parameters (Ki-67, topoisomerase IIalpha) in 86 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). LRP, PGP and CD18 were associated with poor(More)
Pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma (PSH) is a benign tumor with two cell populations (epithelial and stromal cells), for which genomic profiles remain unknown. We conducted exome sequencing of 44 PSHs and identified recurrent somatic mutations of AKT1 (43.2%) and β-catenin (4.5%). We used a second subset of 24 PSHs to confirm the high frequency of AKT1(More)