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4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) mediates oxidative stress-linked pathological processes; however, its role in the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in macrophages is still unclear. Thus, this study investigated the sources and mechanisms of ROS generation in macrophages stimulated with HNE. Exposure of J774A.1 cells to HNE showed an increased production of(More)
4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) accumulates at atherosclerotic lesions, but its role in the progression of atherosclerosis is not clear. Considering the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in plaque destabilization, we investigated the mechanism by which HNE induces MMP production in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). VSMC stimulated by HNE (1.0 microM)(More)
AIMS 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) has been suggested to be a modulator of atherosclerotic plaque instability and co-exists with 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) in macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions. To determine the potential role for HNE in 5-LO expression, the molecular mechanisms of 5-LO expression were evaluated in HNE-stimulated macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) has been suggested as a modulator of atherosclerotic plaque instability, however, its role in MMP production in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is still unclear. Thus, this study investigated the role of 5-LO in HNE-enhanced MMP-2 production in VSMC, and the mechanisms by which this enzyme could be activated by HNE. VSMC stimulated(More)
Homocysteine (Hcy) at elevated levels is an independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis. In the present study, we investigated the effect of Hcy on the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in murine macrophages. Among the MMP known to regulate the activities of collagenase and gelatinase, Hcy exclusively increased(More)
Increased blood pressure, leading to mechanical stress on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), is a known risk factor for vascular remodeling via increased activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) within the vascular wall. This study aimed to identify cell surface mechanoreceptors and intracellular signaling pathways that influence VSMC to produce MMP in(More)
Exaggerated levels of 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) co-exist in macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions, and activated macrophages produce MMP-9 that degrades atherosclerotic plaque constituents. This study investigated the effects of HNE on MMP-9 production, and the potential role for 5-LO derivatives in MMP-9 production in murine(More)
Although anti-atherogenic effects of cilostazol have been suggested, its effects on the expression of SR in macrophages are unclear. This study investigated the role of cilostazol on CD36 expression of murine macrophages enhanced by HNE, a byproduct of lipid peroxidation. The stimulation of macrophages with HNE led to an increased expression of CD36, which(More)
Schisandra chinensis (SC), a member of the Magnoliaceae family, has been used to improve the vascular health for postmenopausal women in Korea. In order to provide some scientific rationales for such effectiveness, this study investigated the vascular effects of gomisin A (GA) from SC. In the endothelium (ED)-intact rings of rat thoracic aorta, GA (1 x 10(More)
Episodic exposure to acrolein-rich pollutants has been linked to acute myocardial infarction, and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) is involved in the production of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), which destabilizes atherosclerotic plaques. Thus, the present study determined the effect of acrolein on 5-LO/leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) production in murine macrophages.(More)