Kyle Thompson

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The galactofucan sulfate extract (GFS) obtained from the brown seaweed Undaria pinnatifida by extraction with dilute acid is a potent inhibitor of the herpes viruses HSV-1, HSV-2 and HCMV, with IC50 values determined in vitro of 1.1, 0.2 and 0.5 μgmL−1, respectively. Fractionation of GFS by anion exchange chromatography gave three fractions which differed(More)
Clinical studies are currently in progress to evaluate functional modifiers of P-glycoprotein (Pgp), an efflux pump associated with resistance to cancer chemotherapy. However, the effects of these modifiers on a more recently discovered efflux pump, the multidrug resistance associated protein (MRP), have not yet been fully characterized. MRP is expressed in(More)
Mutations in SLC25A4 encoding the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier AAC1 are well-recognized causes of mitochondrial disease. Several heterozygous SLC25A4 mutations cause adult-onset autosomal-dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia associated with multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions, whereas recessive SLC25A4 mutations cause childhood-onset(More)
We have constructed a primary genetic map spanning most of human chromosome 13. A total of 14 polymorphic DNA sequences and one protein polymorphism provided, after construction of haplotypes, seven markers for the long arm of this chromosome. A panel of cell lines from 30 three-generation families with large sibship size served as the sample set. Pairwise(More)
Hematoporphyrin derivative (Hpd) localizes selectively in malignant and rapidly metabolizing tissues and undergoes a cytotoxic reaction when exposed to light of a specific wavelength. Hpd has been studied extensively with regard to the diagnosis and treatment of tumors but not with regard to bactericidal activity. This investigation assessed the effect of(More)
Acyclovir resistance is not a recognized problem among neonates with perinatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. A premature newborn with neurocutaneous HSV infection was treated for 21 days with acyclovir. Disseminated disease recurred 8 days later. A recurrent isolate was resistant to acyclovir and lacked thymidine kinase activity on the basis of a(More)
The present study was undertaken to determine if measurement and analysis of phagocyte function are useful for diagnosis and staging of infection. Circulating phagocyte activity was measured in healthy volunteers and sequentially in patients with acute infections of different types and severity, including those with diabetes mellitus or human(More)
A novel tumour system has been used to study the effect of natural killer cells on tumour growth by using agents which modify natural killer cell activity. The tumour cells are hybridoma cells which secrete antibody specific for red blood cells so that tumour growth can be quantitated by a haemolytic plaque assay. Spleen-seeking variants have been derived(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial diseases due to deficiencies in the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation system (OXPHOS) can be associated with nuclear genes involved in mitochondrial translation, causing heterogeneous early onset and often fatal phenotypes. CASE REPORT The authors describe the clinical features and diagnostic workup of an infant who(More)
Mitochondrial disorders are clinically and genetically diverse, with mutations in mitochondrial or nuclear genes able to cause defects in mitochondrial gene expression. Recently, mutations in several genes encoding factors involved in mt-tRNA processing have been identified to cause mitochondrial disease. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified(More)