Kyle T.S. Pattinson

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Investigating how intrathoracic pressure changes affect cerebral blood flow (CBF) is important for a clear interpretation of neuroimaging data in patients with abnormal respiratory physiology, intensive care patients receiving mechanical ventilation and in research paradigms that manipulate intrathoracic pressure. Here, we investigated the effect of(More)
The periaqueductal grey (PAG) is a nucleus within the midbrain, and evidence from animal models has identified its role in many homeostatic systems including respiration. Animal models have also demonstrated a columnar structure that subdivides the PAG into four columns on each side, and these subdivisions have different functions with regard to(More)
Resistive respiratory loading is an established stimulus for the induction of experimental dyspnoea. In comparison to unloaded breathing, resistive loaded breathing alters end-tidal CO2 (P(ET)CO2), which has independent physiological effects (e.g. upon cerebral blood flow). We investigated the subjective effects of resistive loaded breathing with stabilized(More)
Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors decrease hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction under hypobaric hypoxia, but are not known to affect cerebral blood flow or oxygenation. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of sildenafil on cerebral haemodynamics during acute exposure to altitude and after acclimatization. Ten subjects were studied 1 and 3 days(More)
Patients with chronic dyspnoea may learn to fear situations that cue dyspnoea onset. Such dyspnoea-specific cues may then cause anxiety, and worsen or trigger dyspnoea even before commencement of physical activity. We therefore developed an experimental tool to probe emotional processing of dyspnoea for use with neuroimaging in COPD. The tool consists of a(More)
The sensation of breathlessness is the most threatening symptom of respiratory disease. The different subdivisions of the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) are intricately (and differentially) involved in integrating behavioural responses to threat in animals, while the PAG has previously only been considered as a single entity in human research. Here we(More)
  • Kyle Pattinson, Bm Frca, Guy Wynne-Jones, Mbbs Frcs, Phd Christopher, He Imray
  • 2005
monitoring is important for management of severe head injury. It is also used in subarachnoid haemorrhage, stroke, intracereb-ral haematoma, meningitis, encephalopathies, hepatic failure, after neurosurgery and in patients undergoing carotid artery surgery. This article provides an overview of cerebral monitoring techniques available in clinical practice.(More)
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