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BACKGROUND Optimization of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) fixation is desired to improve graft healing. New soft tissue cortical suspension devices for femoral tunnel fixation should be biomechanically evaluated. HYPOTHESIS All femoral fixation devices would prevent a clinically significant amount of displacement and support loads significantly larger(More)
BACKGROUND An avulsion of the posterior root attachment of the lateral meniscus or a radial tear close to the root attachment can lead to degenerative knee arthritis. Although the biomechanical effects of comparable injuries involving the medial meniscus have been studied, we are aware of no such study involving the lateral meniscus. We hypothesized that in(More)
BACKGROUND The tibial fixation site has been reported to be the weakest point in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. Numerous interference screws and combination screw and sheath devices are available for soft tissue fixation, and a biomechanical comparison of these devices is necessary. HYPOTHESIS Combination screw and sheath devices would(More)
PURPOSE Operative treatment for middle-third clavicle fractures has been increasing as recent data has demonstrated growing patient dissatisfaction and functional deficits after non-operative management. A controlled biomechanical comparison of the characteristics of locked intramedullary (IM) fixation versus superior pre-contoured plating for fracture(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare single-row (SR), extended double-row (DR), and augmented, extended double-row (aDR) rotator cuff repairs in a two-tendon, posterosuperior rotator cuff tear (RCT) model with intact rotator cuff tendons. METHODS RCTs were created and randomly assigned to SR, DR, or aDR repair (5 each) in 20 cadaveric shoulder(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the popularity of the Broström procedure for secondary repair of chronic lateral ankle instability, there have been no biomechanical studies reporting on the strength of this secondary repair method, whether using suture fixation or suture anchors. HYPOTHESIS The purpose of our study was to perform a biomechanical comparison of the(More)
PURPOSE The acetabular labrum is theorized to be important to normal hip function by providing stability to distraction forces through the suction effect of the hip fluid seal. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative contributions of the hip capsule and labrum to the distractive stability of the hip, and to characterize hip stability to(More)
PURPOSE The acetabular labrum is theorized to be important to normal hip function by creating intra-articular fluid pressurization through the hip fluid seal. However, the effect of a labral tear or partial labral resection, and interventions including labral repair and labral reconstruction, on the hip fluid seal remains to be defined. The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND Arthroscopic identification of the anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundle locations of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has facilitated an improved quantitative description of ACL anatomy. Few studies have directly compared the biomechanical laxity of anatomic single-bundle (SB) versus anatomic double-bundle (DB) ACL reconstruction(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to conduct a prospective outcome analysis of proximal tibial opening wedge osteotomies performed in young and middle-aged patients (aged <55 years) for the treatment of symptomatic medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. METHODS A consecutive series of young and middle-aged adults who underwent proximal tibial(More)