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We have assembled data from Caenorhabditis elegans DNA microarray experiments involving many growth conditions, developmental stages, and varieties of mutants. Co-regulated genes were grouped together and visualized in a three-dimensional expression map that displays correlations of gene expression profiles as distances in two dimensions and gene density in(More)
The nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans and its relatives are unique among animals in having operons. Operons are regulated multigene transcription units, in which polycistronic pre-messenger RNA (pre-mRNA coding for multiple peptides) is processed to monocistronic mRNAs. This occurs by 3' end formation and trans-splicing using the specialized SL2 small(More)
We have engineered transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans animals to inducibly express the human beta amyloid peptide (Abeta). Gene expression changes resulting from Abeta induction have been monitored by cDNA hybridization to glass slide microarrays containing probes for almost all known or predicted C. elegans genes. Using statistical criteria, we have(More)
The nematode shows responses to acute ethanol exposure that are similar to those observed in humans, mice, and Drosophila, namely hyperactivity followed by uncoordination and sedation. We used in this report the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as a model system to identify and characterize the genes that are affected by ethanol exposure and to link those(More)
We have constructed DNA microarrays containing 17,871 genes, representing about 94% of the 18,967 genes currently annotated in the Caenorhabditis elegans genome. These DNA microarrays can be used as a tool to define a nearly complete molecular profile of gene expression levels associated with different developmental stages, growth conditions, or worm(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous gerontogene mutants leading to dramatic life extensions have been identified in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans over the last 20 years. Analysis of these mutants has provided a basis for understanding the mechanisms driving the aging process(es). Several distinct mechanisms including an altered rate of aging, increased resistance to(More)
1-Hydroxybenzotriazole, violuric acid, and N-hydroxyacetanilide are three N-OH compounds capable of mediating a range of laccase-catalyzed biotransformations, such as paper pulp delignification and degradation of polycyclic hydrocarbons. The mechanism of their enzymatic oxidation was studied with seven fungal laccases. The oxidation had a bell-shaped(More)
Porcine kidney acylase I was shown to be able to deacylate N-acylhomoserine lactones, a family of chemicals employed by Gram-negative bacteria as quorum-sensing molecules for cell population density-dependent growth (such as biofilm formation). The enzyme transformed both N-butyryl-and N-octanoyl-L-homoserine lactones into L-homoserine. An optimal pH of 10(More)
A Microdochium nivale carbohydrate:acceptor oxidoreductase was purified, cloned, heterologously expressed, and characterized. The gene encoding the protein showed one intron, and the ORF showed a sequence with low homology (< or = 25% identity or 65% similarity) to other known flavin-containing carbohydrate oxidases. The maturation of the protein required(More)
A method to determine the P50 of whole blood is described using a modified American Optical reflectance oximeter, pump, and membrane tonometer, together with PO2, PCO2, and pH measurements in a standard blood gas machine. Determinations of P50 were made in 66 patients and normal subjects and in two situations where P50 was very low and very high. The(More)