Kyle H. Moore

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1. Medium-chain acyl-CoA hydrolase activities were determined in liver from control and valproate-fed rats and rabbits. 2. Octanoyl-CoA was readily hydrolyzed by all control liver preparations. 3. Animals that had been fed diets containing 0.5 or 1.0% (w/w) valproic acid had significantly elevated octanoyl-CoA hydrolase activities. 4. The CoA ester of(More)
1. Adipocytes from fed and fasted (24 hr) groups of rats were fractionated into mitochondria, microsomes and plasma membranes. 2. Fasting significantly decreased the mitochondrial activity of palmitoyl-CoA synthetase, palmitoyl-CoA hydrolase, beta-oxidation and pyruvate dehydrogenase. 3. Fasting elevated intramitochondrial long-chain acyl-CoA. 4. Pyruvate(More)
A quantitative gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method was developed to measure nanomolar quantities of long-chain saturated beta-hydroxy fatty acids (12, 14, 16, and 18 carbons long) produced by isolated ischemic heart. Only beta-hydroxymyristate (25-40 nmol/g dry) was found in fresh heart. Isolated rabbit heart perfused with fatty acid by the(More)
Oxalyl thiolesters, a group of putative intracellular regulators, have been shown to be in vitro inhibitors of some cytosolic enzymes which are stimulated by insulin. In this study, the effects of insulin and oxalyl thiolesters on pyruvate dehydrogenase, beta-oxidation, and acyl-CoA hydrolase activities in mitochondria from rat epididymal adipocytes are(More)
Long-chain acyl-CoA and acylcarnitine hydrolase activities were determined in fresh and perfused rabbit heart and correlated with tissue levels of their respective substrates, long-chain acyl-CoA and acylcarnitine. In fresh heart homogenate acyl-CoA hydrolase activity was 3-fold greater than acylcarnitine hydrolase activity; sonication of homogenate doubled(More)
beta-Hydroxymyristate, -palmitate, and -stearate were produced by and accumulated in isolated rabbit heart when perfused ischemically for 2-10 min by the nonrecirculating langendorff technique with 0.75 mM palmitate and 0.16 mM albumin. Tissue fractionation into mitochondria and cytosol showed that by 2 min of ischemia 44% of beta-hydroxypalmitate and 38%(More)
To screen fibroblasts for defects in lactate/pyruvate oxidation, cells were grown to confluence in 25-cm2 flasks, rinsed, and incubated in glucose-free media containing 25 microM L-lactate and 0.1 microCi [D,L-1-14C]lactate. Lactate oxidation was measured as the amount of lactate oxidized in nmol of 14CO2 generated/mg protein/min. Fibroblasts from patients(More)
Induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been demonstrated to decrease body weight and improve insulin sensitivity in several models of obesity in rodents. To further study the role of HO-1 in adipose tissue, we created an adipose-specific HO-1 knockout mouse model. Male and female mice were fed either a control or a high-fat diet for 30 weeks. Body weights(More)
beta-Hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA and beta-hydroxystearoyl-CoA were synthesized, purified and quantitated. beta-Hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA and beta-hydroxystearoyl-CoA instantly and reversibly inhibited oxidative phosphorylation by rabbit heart mitochondria oxidizing pyruvate. [8-14C]ADP uptake studies showed that the beta-hydroxy acyl-CoA species linearly inhibited the(More)