Kyle Gorman

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This paper describes a crosslinguistic disfluency perception experiment. We tested the recognizability of pause fillers and partial words in English, German and Mandarin. Subjects were speakers of English with no knowledge of Mandarin or Ger-man. We found that subjects could identify disfluent from fluent utterances at a level above chance. Pause fillers(More)
In speech-applications such as text-to-speech (TTS) or automatic speech recognition (ASR), \emph{text normalization} refers to the task of converting from a \emph{written} representation into a representation of how the text is to be \emph{spoken}. In all real-world speech applications, the text normalization engine is developed---in large part---by hand.(More)
Atypical pragmatic language is often present in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), along with delays or deficits in structural language. This study investigated the use of the "fillers" uh and um by children ages 4-8 during the autism diagnostic observation schedule. Fillers reflect speakers' difficulties with planning and delivering speech,(More)
A subgroup of young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have significant language impairments (phonology, grammar, vocabulary), although such impairments are not considered to be core symptoms of and are not unique to ASD. Children with specific language impairment (SLI) display similar impairments in language. Given evidence for phenotypic and(More)
Quantitative analysis of clinical language samples is a powerful tool for assessing and screening developmental language impairments , but requires extensive manual transcription , annotation, and calculation, resulting in error-prone results and clinical un-derutilization. We describe a system that performs automated morphological analysis needed to(More)
two anonymous referees and the editors of Language for their helpful comments and suggestions. Abstract Why can't we say " the asleep cat " ? There is a class of adjectives in English, all of which start with a schwa (e.g., afraid, alone, asleep, away etc.), that cannot be used attributively in a prenominal position. A frequently invoked strategy in(More)
This study is a reanalysis of the external predictors of the use of negative concord in Philadelphia, using archival data from the Language Change and Variation survey. It is shown that the interpretation of the effects of the various socioeconomic measures reported by Labov (2001) was biased by their multicollinearity and by per-subject differences. A new(More)
Speech recognizers are typically trained with data from a standard dialect and do not generalize to non-standard dialects. Mis-match mainly occurs in the acoustic realization of words, which is represented by acoustic models and pronunciation lexicon. Standard techniques for addressing this mismatch are generative in nature and include acoustic model(More)