Kyle D. Miner

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OBJECTIVES This investigation assessed the life quality and long-term family needs of caregivers of persons with brain injury. DESIGN Respondents completed the Virginia Traumatic Brain Injury Family Needs Assessment Survey. SETTING Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS Respondents included 57 caregivers of persons with traumatic brain injury who were(More)
A structural and functional model of bacterial nitric oxide reductase (NOR) has been designed by introducing two glutamates (Glu) and three histidines (His) in sperm whale myoglobin. X-ray structural data indicate that the three His and one Glu (V68E) residues bind iron, mimicking the putative Fe(B) site in NOR, while the second Glu (I107E) interacts with a(More)
Protein design provides a rigorous test of our knowledge about proteins and allows the creation of novel enzymes for biotechnological applications. Whereas progress has been made in designing proteins that mimic native proteins structurally, it is more difficult to design functional proteins. In comparison to recent successes in designing(More)
The intracellular level of the ubiquitous bacterial secondary messenger, cyclic di-(3',5')-guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP), represents a balance between its biosynthesis and degradation, the latter via specific phosphodiesterases (PDEs). One class of c-di-GMP PDEs contains a characteristic HD-GYP domain. Here we report that an HD-GYP PDE from Vibrio(More)
The location of the Trp radical and the catalytic function of the [Fe(IV)═O Trp₁₉₁(•+)] intermediate in cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP) are well-established; however, the unambiguous identification of the site(s) for the formation of tyrosyl radical(s) and their possible biological roles remain elusive. We have now performed a systematic investigation of the(More)
Denitrifying NO reductases are evolutionarily related to the superfamily of heme--copper terminal oxidases. These transmembrane protein complexes utilize a heme-nonheme diiron center to reduce two NO molecules to N(2)O. To understand this reaction, the diiron site has been modeled using sperm whale myoglobin as a scaffold and mutating distal residues Leu-29(More)
This Forum Article focuses on recent advances in structural and spectroscopic studies of biosynthetic models of nitric oxide reductases (NORs). NORs are complex metalloenzymes found in the denitrification pathway of Earth's nitrogen cycle where they catalyze the proton-dependent two-electron reduction of nitric oxide (NO) to nitrous oxide (N2O). While much(More)
Much progress has been made in designing metalloproteins with structures similar to native enzymes and advances in computational biology have allowed for rational design of enzyme function as well. Despite these achievements, most designed enzymes have simple active site structures and low activities, with limited turnover numbers. Designing artificial(More)
HD-GYPs make up a subclass of the metal-dependent HD phosphohydrolase superfamily and catalyze conversion of cyclic di(3',5')-guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) to 5'-phosphoguanylyl-(3'→5')-guanosine (pGpG) and GMP. Until now, the only reported crystal structure of an HD-GYP that also exhibits c-di-GMP phosphodiesterase activity contains a His/carboxylate(More)
Tyrosine is a conserved redox-active amino acid that plays important roles in heme-copper oxidases (HCO). Despite the widely proposed mechanism that involves a tyrosyl radical, its direct observation under O2 reduction conditions remains elusive. Using a functional oxidase model in myoglobin called F33Y-Cu(B)Mb that contains an engineered tyrosine, we(More)