Kyle D. Kent

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Epidemiological evidence suggests that moderate wine consumption and antioxidant-rich diets may protect against age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of vision loss among the elderly. Development of AMD and other retinal diseases, such as proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), is associated with oxidative stress in the retinal pigment(More)
Cysteine is the rate-limiting amino acid for synthesis of the ubiquitous antioxidant glutathione (GSH). Bovine whey proteins are rich in cystine, the disulfide form of the amino acid cysteine. The objective of this study was to determine whether enzymatically hydrolyzed whey protein isolate (WPI) could increase intracellular GSH concentrations and protect(More)
The metabolism of limonin 17-beta-D-glucopyranoside (LG) by non-cancerous (RWPE-1) and cancerous (PC-3) human prostate epithelial cells was investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS) with in-source fragmentation and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). During positive ion LC/ESI-MS, LG formed(More)
Bovine pituitary extract (BPE) is routinely used as a mitogenic supplement in serum-free growth medium. In addition to its mitogenic activity, BPE contains a variety of growth factors and hormones with reported antioxidant activity. This study examines the antioxidant potential of BPE in nontumorigenic human prostate epithelial cells (RWPE-1). Treatment of(More)
Stress-induced activation and metabolism of plasma membrane sphingolipids results in intracellular ceramide accumulation and has been shown to induce apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells. This effect has been observed using synthetic ceramide analogs, such as C6-ceramide; however, the effects of naturally-occurring sphingolipids, such as C18-ceramide(More)
Swiss cheese contains more than 200 volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry has been utilized for the analysis of volatile compounds in food products; however, it is not sensitive enough to measure VOCs directly in the headspace of a food at low concentrations. Selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) provides a(More)
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