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Pathophysiology of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc is central to many orofacial disorders; however, mechanical characterization of this tissue is incomplete. In this study, we identified surface-regional mechanical variations in the porcine TMJ disc under unconfined compression. The intermediate zone, posterior, anterior, lateral, and medial regions(More)
Chemical coding of sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) suggests that the chemical content of subpopulations of SPN can define their function. Since neuropeptides, once synthesized are transported to the axon terminal, most demonstrated chemical coding has been identified using immunoreactive terminals at the target organ. Here, we use a different(More)
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc is a central element in several TMJ disorders. Tissue-engineered TMJ disc replacements may alleviate discomfort associated with TMJ disorders; however, prior to developing a replacement, a thorough understanding of the native disc must be attained. Toward this end, we developed an unconfined compression, incremental(More)
OBJECTIVE Implantation of synthetic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc replacements aimed to alleviate pain and restore functional losses caused by TMJ disorders. Unfortunately, these synthetic replacements have been largely unsuccessful and in some instances have incited severe immune responses. Tissue engineering, however, may provide viable TMJ disc(More)
OBJECTIVE In mice with Col9a1 gene inactivation (Col9a1(-/-)), osteoarthritis (OA) and intervertebral disc degeneration develop prematurely. The aim of this study was to investigate Col9a1(-/-) mice for functional and symptomatic changes that may be associated with these pathologies. METHODS Col9a1(-/-) and wild-type mice were investigated for reflexes,(More)
Patients with osteoarthritis (OA) primarily seek treatment due to pain and disability, yet the primary endpoints for rodent OA models tend to be histological measures of joint destruction. The discrepancy between clinical and preclinical evaluations is problematic, given that radiographic evidence of OA in humans does not always correlate to the severity of(More)
INTRODUCTION Osteoarthritis (OA) results in pain and disability; however, preclinical OA models often focus on joint-level changes. Gait analysis is one method used to evaluate both preclinical OA models and OA patients. The objective of this study is to describe spatiotemporal and ground reaction force changes in a rat medial meniscus transection (MMT)(More)
Interleukin-1 beta (IL1β) is a proinflammatory cytokine that mediates arthritic pathologies. Our objectives were to evaluate pain and limb dysfunction resulting from IL1β over-expression in the rat knee and to investigate the ability of local IL1 receptor antagonist (IL1Ra) delivery to reverse-associated pathology. IL1β over-expression was induced in the(More)
Biogenesis of thylakoid membranes in the conditional chlorophyll b-deficient CD3 mutant of wheat is dramatically altered by relatively small differences in the light intensity under which seedlings are grown. When the CD3 mutant is grown at 400 microE/m2 S (high light, about one-fifth full sunlight) plants are deficient in chlorophyll b (chlorophyll a/b(More)
BACKGROUND The use of indwelling urinary catheters (IUCs) is thought to be the most significant risk factor for developing nosocomial urinary tract infections (UTIs). However, it is unclear how many elderly patients have preexisting bacteriuria prior to IUC placement. The purpose of this study was to determine 1) the frequency and appropriateness of IUC use(More)