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Genome-wide transcriptional profiling was used to characterize the molecular underpinnings of neocortical organization in rhesus macaque, including cortical areal specialization and laminar cell-type diversity. Microarray analysis of individual cortical layers across sensorimotor and association cortices identified robust and specific molecular signatures(More)
The transcriptome provides the database from which a cell assembles its collection of proteins. Translation of individual mRNA species into their encoded proteins is regulated, producing discrepancies between mRNA and protein levels. Using a new modeling approach to data analysis, a striking diversity is revealed in association of the transcriptome with the(More)
Over the last decade, gene expression microarrays have had a profound impact on biomedical research. The diversity of platforms and analytical methods available to researchers have made the comparison of data from multiple platforms challenging. In this study, we describe a framework for comparisons across platforms and laboratories. We have attempted to(More)
Complete genome sequences together with high throughput technologies have made comprehensive characterizations of gene expression patterns possible. While genome-wide measurement of mRNA levels was one of the first applications of these advances, other important aspects of gene expression are also amenable to a genomic approach, for example, the translation(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed NanoString's nCounter Analysis System for its ability to quantify gene expression of forty-eight genes in a single reaction with 100 ng of total RNA or an equivalent amount of tissue lysate. In the nCounter System, multiplexed gene expression target levels are directly detected, without enzymatic reactions, via two sequence-specific(More)
Powerful new approaches to study molecular variation in distinct neuronal populations have recently been developed enabling a more precise investigation of the control of neural circuits involved in complex behaviors such as wake and sleep. We applied laser capture microdissection (LCM) to isolate precise brain nuclei from rat CNS at opposing circadian time(More)
Cell surface proteins anchored to membranes via covalently attached glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) have been implicated in neuronal adhesion, promotion of neurite outgrowth and directed cell migration. Treatment of grasshopper embryos with bacterial phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC), an enzyme that cleaves the GPI anchor, often(More)
Currently, the best clinical predictor for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is family history. Over 163 sequence variants have been associated with IBD in genome-wide association studies, but they have weak effects and explain only a fraction of the observed heritability. It is expected that additional variants contribute to the genomic architecture of IBD,(More)
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) and thyroid hormone receptor (TRs) independently regulate cardiac metabolism. Although ligands for both these receptors are currently under evaluation for treatment of congestive heart failure, their interactions or signaling cooperation have not been investigated in heart. We tested the hypothesis that(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of the present study were to determine the relationship between bone destruction and bone formation in the delayed-type hypersensitivity arthritis (DTHA) model and to evaluate the effect of receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) blockade on severity of arthritis, bone destruction, and bone formation. METHODS DTHA was(More)