Kyle A O'Connor

Learn More
Aggregation and mound formation during development of the myxobacterium Myxococcus xanthus were examined by scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy. Several complex patterns of multicellular associations were observed. These observations imply that complex, organized cell-cell interactions occur during the process of development. Examination of(More)
Myxococcus xanthus is a Gram-negative, soil-dwelling bacterium with a complex life cycle which includes fruiting body formation and sporulation in response to starvation. This developmental process is slow, requiring a minimum of 24-48 h, and requires cells to be at high cell density on a solid surface. It is known that, in the absence of starvation,(More)
Myxococcus xanthus is a gram-negative bacterium with a complex life cycle including a developmental phase in which cells aggregate and sporulate in response to starvation. In previous papers, we have described a heretofore unsuspected layer of complexity in the development of M. xanthus: vegetatively growing cells differentiate into two cell types during(More)
We have found that coliphage P1 can be used to transduce cloned DNA from Escherichia coli to Myxococcus xanthus. Transduction occurred at a high efficiency, and no evidence for DNA restriction was observed. The analysis of the transductants showed that they fall into three general categories: (i) haploid cells which contain portions of the cloned DNA(More)
Myxococcus xanthus is a gram-negative bacterium that develops in response to starvation on a solid surface. The cells assemble into multicellular aggregates in which they differentiate from rod-shaped cells into spherical, environmentally resistant spores. Previously, we have shown that the induction of beta-lactamase is associated with(More)
Steroid hormones control important developmental processes and are linked to many diseases. To systematically identify genes and pathways required for steroid production, we performed a Drosophila genome-wide in vivo RNAi screen and identified 1,906 genes with potential roles in steroidogenesis and developmental timing. Here, we use our screen as a resource(More)
Genetic analysis of Myxococcus xanthus is greatly facilitated by the ability to introduce cloned DNA into M. xanthus to generate gene replacement and merodiploid strains. However, gene replacement strains are difficult to obtain when the region(s) of homology between the cloned DNA and the M. xanthus chromosome is limited (less than 1 kilobase). We found(More)
Myxococcus xanthus is a gram-negative bacterium which has a complex life cycle that includes multicellular fruiting body formation. Frizzy mutants are characterized by the formation of tangled filaments instead of hemispherical fruiting bodies on fruiting agar. Mutations in the frz genes have been shown to cause defects in directed motility, which is(More)
It has been widely reported that 80 to 90% of the cell population undergoes autolysis during sporulation in Myxococcus xanthus. A re-evaluation of the techniques used to measure autolysis in M. xanthus showed that the methods previously used to draw this conclusion are subject to artifacts, which result in a substantial underestimation of the number of(More)
Myxococcus xanthus is a gram-negative, soil-dwelling bacterium that undergoes development in response to depletion of nutrients. Whereas most cells aggregate into multicellular mounds in which they differentiate into spores, 10 to 20% of the developing cells remain outside fruiting bodies as peripheral rods. We used two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel(More)